Garden hibiscus comes from the Malvova family. A hibiscus plant in the garden can look like a bush, a compact tree, it is up to you how it should fit into your plot.
Hibiscus is home to Asia and South China. In nature, there are more than 300 varieties of this plant. Under natural conditions, its height can reach about three meters.
In the Hawaiian Islands, hibiscus flower garden is popular. When on the islands there are various kinds of holidays and festivities, the girls decorate their beautiful curly hair with them.
But in turn in European countries, hibiscus is considered the flower of death. In houses where hibiscus grows by its external changes, judged on future changes. If the plant begins to shed its leaves and withers, it means that someone in the family gets sick.
If buds prematurely appeared on the plant, this foreshadows the imminent death of someone from family members. Many stories are invented that are associated with the appearance of the hibiscus garden flower on the plots, they say, if you start it in an apartment, then scandals between husband and wife will begin.
But in the East, hibiscus is considered not the flower of death, but an energetic who fills everything around with life.
Types and varieties of hibiscus
Syrian hibiscus its birthplace is south of Transcaucasia. The second name is hibiscus garden. It looks quite compact shrub, height about 3 meters. The inflorescences look like saucers, flowering begins in the second half of summer to the beginning of autumn. Inflorescences are common, sometimes terry. Color is pink, white, red.
Frost-resistant hibiscus plant withstands up to - 25 degrees. But for good abundant flowering requires constant warm weather. Hibiscus prefers a sunny place, grows well in neutral soil.
Terry hibiscus or volatileChina is considered its birthplace. Deciduous shrub, reaching a height of about three meters. The trunk of the plant has a straight, sparse end.
Inflorescences are light, sometimes turning into pink terry, or sometimes ordinary flowers are also found. The diameter of the inflorescence of about 10 cm. Pruning is necessary only in the presence of dry branches.
Grass hibiscus, a plant with straight shoots in height reaching up to 3 meters. The leaves are large, similar to the foliage of sunflower. Hue in inflorescences is crimson, pink, white. The plant is thermophilic, prefers sunny areas. Flowering begins in August and lasts until early September.
Hibiscus is unpretentious, frost-resistant and well acclimatized in all soils. This species must be cut under the base every fall. And in the new period will bloom only on new shoots.
Marsh hibiscus, perennial, grown in the garden and in room conditions. Its bright flowering competes even with roses. The inflorescences are large, the shade of pink turning into a rich red, and inside at the base is covered with black splashes. Olive leaves smooth. Maintains frosty weather to-30 degrees.
Hibiscus planting and care in the open field
In hibiscus garden cultivation does not bring much trouble, but having done everything right, you will find a successful result.
Watering for hibiscus requires regular moderate, as the soil dries. In hot weather, frequent watering, but do not let the moisture stagnate.
For planting hibiscus garden in the open field it is necessary to prepare the soil loose, saturated with humus fertilizers and without stagnant moisture. Garden hibiscus flower requires constant loosening of the soil and removal of weeds around it.
During the period of active development from the first months of summer until autumn, hibiscus needs regular fertilizers with a high content of nitrogen and phosphorus. Feed should be several times a month, and closer to the winter should be added and potash fertilizers. Hibiscus blossoms bloom only one day.
You can also familiarize yourself with the indoor hibiscus plant and what kind of care it needs to provide at home by clicking on the link.
Hibiscus garden care and seed reproduction
In hibiscus, seed growing starts from the end of January through the first month of spring. Before sowing, the seeds are placed for 30 minutes in a saturated solution of manganese, and then in a small amount of a growth stimulator and left for 24 hours.
After all the procedures done, the seeds must be sown in a tank with peat and sand in equal shares. Cover with film and glass and maintain the temperature around 26 degrees. Do not forget to open and ventilate the container and produce watering from the sprayer into the soil.
When the seedlings begin to appear the first three leaves should be planted in separate containers. It is necessary to ensure that the seedlings are not stretched, for this they need sufficient lighting. Saplings are transplanted to the site in May. There is another way of reproduction in garden hibiscus sowing itself.
Reproduction of hibiscus cuttings
For reproduction by cuttings, cuttings with three nodes are cut, the lower part is treated with a growth stimulator. After transplanted into peat soil with a temperature of about 26 degrees, preferably in a greenhouse.
After the cuttings have taken root, they are planted and pinched, to create a form in separate containers with prepared soil, peat, turf ground, leaf and sand, everything is taken in equal parts.
And as a compact bush grows, you can plant it on a plot. If you provide the right care, flowering will begin in the first year. You can also rooting rooting in the water.
Pruning hibiscus garden in spring
Hibiscus pruning occurs mainly in order to thin out and remove dry shoots from the shrub and to give the shrub the shape you want. To form a tree, a young plant is cut to the base of three buds, leaving only a well stem body.
The next time pruning hibiscus garden spring is needed for extreme shoots of up to two buds, and the central trunk of up to six buds. When the tree reaches the height you need, then you need to cut off the extra branches and tree tops.
It is necessary to remove and thin out the shrub in early spring before the start of juice extraction. The better you cut off the old branches, the greater and more abundant flowering will be for the season.
Pruning a Syrian hibiscus involves a different length of shoots, then your plant will look quite interesting and have a beautiful shape.
Hibiscus diseases and pests
- If in a drought your plant does not receive moisture for a long time, then it can be exposed to such pests as aphids and spider mites. For their destruction it is better to treat the plant with insecticides.
- Among the diseases that affect hibiscus, the most common chlorosis, the lower leaves begin to turn yellow and crumble, and new ones also grow yellowish. The reason for this is the lack of nitrogen fertilizers and iron in the soil. To do this, pour a liquid complex fertilizer with the addition of the necessary substances.
- If your plant refuses to bloom and slows its growth, it means a lack of phosphorus and boron in the soil, and if the shoots are stunted in growth, there is a shortage of nitrogen fertilizers, the plant should be treated with nitrogen fertilizer, and then flowering will definitely appear.
Carrying out all the prescriptions correctly, your plant will develop, and please your garden plot with its active growth and abundant flowering.
Reproduction by cuttings
The collection of material for planting is carried out at the beginning of summer or at the end of spring. In the role of planting material are the tops of the young shoots, which have a length of more than 20 cm. It is desirable that the shoot had dimensions of 20 to 40 cm and was broken together with the heel. All leaves should be removed, leaving only 1-2 pieces at the very top of the shoot. The lower leaves are cut near the base, and the middle - at a distance of about 5 mm from the stem.
Cuttings should be immersed immediately after trimming the leaves into a mixture of peat and river sand (in equal proportions) or into ordinary water for rooting, which is more common. In order for the rooting process to proceed more quickly, it is recommended that process the material for planting growth promoters: Epin extra, Amber acid, Zircon, Albite, Epin and others.
- The cuttings are about 10 cm deep into the soil.
- To create a greenhouse effect, it is recommended to cover the container with a bottle or polyethylene, which is laid on wire supports.
- The optimal ambient temperature for proper care of hibiscus should be 20−25 ° C.
- When the first roots appear on the cuttings after about 4 weeks, they should be transferred together with the tank to a permanent place in your garden.
For rooted cuttings of hibiscus is best suited well-lit placewhich is protected from wind and strong drafts. It is necessary to dig and how to loosen, deepening with about 20−25 cm in the soil. At the bottom of the pit for planting, the depth of which is 12−15 cm, be sure to lay a drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick. Also in the hole you can add a little rotten spruce or pine needles to reduce the acidity of the soil.
The plant after immersion in the hole is filled with garden soil. Adding a small amount of river sand to the substrate will be quite useful. The soil is thoroughly tamped down, and the place near the cutting is deepened by 1-2 cm. It is best to water the saplings with water heated under the sun.
Plants are planted at a distance of 70−80 cm from each other. This distance will allow hibiscuses to develop safely for two years.
With proper care, grown plants from the cuttings of grassy hibiscus will bloom next year. They will also retain all the parent signs of their parent. The first bud is recommended to remove on a mandatory basis. Otherwise, the plant may weaken very quickly, and then die.
Cutting and dividing the bush
Dividing the bush is best done in the springImmediately after all the snow melts and the soil dries out a little. This is desirable to do before the first young and fragile shoots appear on the surface of the plant. The most suitable period for this business is the beginning of April. However, depending on the weather conditions in your region, the dates may shift.
For the division will require a bush, which had in the past year two or more stalks. Relatively young bushes must be separated with a sharp knife or shears, and for old specimens a garden saw will be required.
The excavated bush is cut, after which its parts are planted in the holes prepared in advance. If it is not possible to plant immediately after cutting, part of the grassy hibiscus temporarily dropping ground in place of the old bush and regularly water.
In the event that leaving the planting material on the site is not possible or it needs to be transported, the divided bush is placed in a plastic bag and stored in such a state as is required in an unheated room. The package needs to be opened every day for moistening of roots and airing. In such conditions, the material for cultivation can be stored for quite a long time, however, the damage to the health of the plant just will not suffer only in the first two weeks.
It can be propagated by layering.. The lower shoot in early spring bends down to the ground and is properly fixed with a metal bracket, if it is not available, you can use a large stone. Ground is piled on top of the hill. The middle part of the stem can be placed in a pre-prepared hole. It is covered with soil and slightly pressed down with a stone. In order for the cultivation of grassy hibiscus so well, it is necessary that the tip of the shoot remained on the surface.
Part of the stem, located in the ground, after 20−30 days of proper care will put the first roots. The soil should be regularly moistened all this time, not letting it dry out. After the seedling is successfully rooted, the stem that connects it to the parent plant must be cut. Such a manipulation will cause young hibiscus to develop more intensively its own root system.
The young flower should be watered simultaneously with the parent plant.. In the autumn it can be transplanted to a permanent place, but experienced flower growers recommend leaving it in this condition until spring.
Hibiscus develops very poor roots in the autumn, so it will be difficult for him to get used to another earthen coma after transplantation. In the fall, the root system of a plant can seriously suffer from rot.
Hibiscus can be grown using seeds, thus obtaining at least colorful copies, with proper care, of course. Seeds can be purchased at a flower shop or collected independently from your favorite plant:
- After successful pollination, it is necessary to closely monitor the flower. The seeds are arranged in special pods that will begin to ripen as soon as the petals have fallen off and only the base of the flower remains. This process may take 6–14 days.
- As soon as the pods mature, they will turn brown and unfold. It is best not to miss this moment, since it will be very difficult to find grains scattered on the ground.
- To prevent seed loss, you can use a gauze bag, which should be worn at the base of the flower. Seeds after dropping will immediately accumulate in it.
One pod can contain up to 60 kernels, however, it is possible to collect, as a rule, 10−20 seeds. When storing or transporting the planting material, it is necessary to place it in containers that will protect the seeds from moisture. When even a small amount of water gets into the container with seeds, they will become moldy very quickly and will not sprout anymore. With proper storage, the seeds of grassy hibiscus retain their germination for four to five years.
Seed propagation methods
You can plant the collected seeds in open ground with the onset of spring. In early April, planting material is soaked in a growth stimulator for about 10–12 hours. It is also recommended to add 0.5 tsp to the liquid. honey or 2-3 drops of aloe juice.
Soaked seeds should be wrapped in a moistened piece of cotton cloth. This package is placed in a plastic transparent bag and transported to a warm place. The package is tied until the seeds germinate. The package must be opened daily for airing planting material. If necessary, you can further moisten the fabric.
Seeds will swell in about 3 days and will soon be covered. After that, they are immersed in a well-moistened soil for 1−2 cm in depth, sprinkled with deciduous earth, then covered with medium density agrofiber. Seeds will give the first shoots in a few days.
Agrofibre is removed only when the air is well warmed and the threat of sudden frosts disappears completely. As soon as the seedlings grow to 10−15 cm, it must be planted at a permanent “place of residence”. However, it will get stronger faster and take root better if it is not immediately planted, but wait another month.
Grow seedlings from seeds possible in a greenhouse or in room conditions. At the beginning of May or in January, the material for planting should also be soaked in a growth stimulator, and then germinated in a moist and warm place. Seeds should be planted in cups one by one. The tanks are filled with about 2/3 of a mixture of river sand and peat, which were taken in equal quantities. Planted sprouts should be covered with glass on top and put in a warm place. For the successful development of a tropical plant, the ambient temperature must be between 25 and 27 ° C.
When the first two leaves appear, the shoots must be transplanted into larger containers. They should also be fed with fertilizers when transplanting (Florist, New Flower Girl, Bona Forte, Fertika and others). When growing a plant, it is important to ensure that the substrate remains moist all the time.
Hibiscus can be planted in open ground in May. The plant in an open, well-lit area may bloom in the first year after planting, but most often it does in 2–3 years.
Flowers can have the most unpredictable color. Of all the plants, it is worthwhile to select the specimens with the most suitable leaf color and leave them for further growth.
Tropical plant needs regular watering. It is able to endure even a very strong and prolonged heat, without losing the decorative qualities, but only if a constant watering was organized. Do not allow the earthen clod to dry out. If it began to dry quickly, then it is necessary to reduce the time between waterings. It is especially important to observe regular watering during the hibiscus flower period.
A flower will quickly wilt if it is not watered in time, but it will quickly recover from the first soil moisture. Если почва еще не успела подсохнуть, не нужно заливать растения. Избыток влаги не принесет ничего полезного. При избыточном поливе корневая система растения быстро заболевает и гибискус начинает сбрасывать листву. Вот несколько важных советов, которые рекомендуется соблюдать для правильного ухода за декоративным цветком:
- Grassy hibiscus loves spraying. To avoid sunburn on the leaves, this procedure should be carried out in the evening or early in the morning.
- For irrigation, it is best to use well-settled water that has been heated in the sun. You can also water the hibiscus with rainwater.
- In order to prevent the appearance of a hard crust on the surface of the earth, it should be constantly loosened about 10 cm deep.
- In the spring, you need to do rooting shoots, pinching their tops. After this procedure, the hibiscus begins to branch, forming a rather lush bush with a huge number of flowers.
The largest flowers bloom 2–3 years old. They are able to reach sizes of 30 cm in diameter. In order for large flowers to bloom on your backyard every year, hibiscus bushes must be regularly propagated. With proper care, grassy hibiscus can please its owner with abundant flowering for 20 years, and the older the plant becomes, the easier it will tolerate cold winters.
Popular plant species
Hibiscus belongs to the Malvine family. There are species that grow as shrubs, trees, perennial and annual grasses.
There are several types of plants:
- Syrian hibiscus. Frost-resistant, perennial shrub.
- Hemp hibiscus. It is grown in some countries with a tropical climate for the spinning industry.
- Chinese hibiscus. This is a houseplant, better known as the Chinese rose.
- Hibiscus Sabdariffor rosella. His homeland is India. Flower petals are used to make well-known karkade tea.
- Hibiscus trifoliateor northern.
In our country you can find Syrian hibiscus, it is grown in the south of Russia, and the triune hibiscus (found in the Crimea). In the south of Russia, hibiscus marsh, or musky, is also very popular. This is a perennial herb with very large flowers.
By way of growth and shape, these plants are:
Grassy Hibiscus It is a tall plant with strong erect stems reaching up to 2 m in height. The branches have bright green leaves and large flowers with a diameter of 30 cm. The color of the flowers can be bright red, white, pink, burgundy. Recently, plants with double flowers appeared. In winter, the aboveground part of the plant dies off, and new shoots appear in the spring.
Shrub Hibiscus - This is a richly flowering plant with branches that have side shoots. Flowers are not very large in size from 5 to 10 cm in diameter. The bush can be formed in a small tree.
Tree - It is a deciduous tree, reaching 5 meters in height. The flowers are small, but there are so many of them that the foliage is not visible.
Features of hibiscus cultivation
Hibiscus - is unpretentious plant that does not require special care. The shrub looks great as a vibrant blooming hedge. It has a long flowering period, which lasts from the beginning of summer until late autumn.
With good care, shrubs can grow up to three meters in height. The hibiscus bush, strewn with flowers, is very beautiful and, like a magnet, attracts the eyes.
Flowers reach 12 centimeters in diameter. The life of a flower is short, it blooms early in the morning and already in the evening it withers and crumbles. But the buds on the plant so much that the loss is completely invisible. Every day new flowers bloom on the bush.
Grow garden hibiscus and care for him is easy. Even a beginner florist will be able to cope with this task. It is enough to know a few simple rules:
- Hibiscus loves fertile, loose earth.
- For good development and abundant flowering place the plant must be in the sun.
- Hibiscus must be watered frequently and abundantly, without the need to pour it.
- Young plants are very sensitive to frost, so before the onset of winter they need to be covered.
- The plant is responsive to top dressing. Before flowering, in May, hibiscus must be supplemented with potash fertilizers, it helps the best formation of buds. During the summer, once every two weeks, fertilizing with phosphate preparations is required, which ensures abundant flowering and helps the plant to better prepare for winter.
If you follow all these rules, the plant will delight with its beauty over the years.
There are several ways of reproduction of hibiscus garden: cuttings, seeds, division of the bush.
The cutting is carried out in the spring, when the hibiscus has not yet bloomed. You can use the parts that remained after trimming. The stalk must have at least three buds. Root cuttings in two ways:
- Cut the cuttings into the water, which was added to the root stimulator. After the roots appear, the cuttings need to be planted in pots with a mixture of soil and peat. The following year, in the spring they are planted in a permanent place in the open ground.
- You can root cuttings immediately in the ground. To do this, the cut must be processed root or any other biostimulant. Then plant the cutting in a container filled with wet soil. Cover the container with a bag or a plastic bottle to create greenhouse conditions. After about three weeks, the cuttings take root, they can be taken out in pots in the sun. In winter, pots are brought into the room. The following year, spring hibiscus planted in open ground.
You can propagate the plant with seeds. They should be sown between January and March. Before seeds should be soaked in a growth stimulator, and then sown in a container with a soil of a mixture of peat and sand. It is necessary to sow shallowly, in a moistened soil. Capacity with crops cover with a film or glass, thereby creating greenhouse conditions. And put in a warm place. From time to time glass or film must be removed for ventilation.
With the appearance of several true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate pots. When the threat of frost has passed and warm weather is established, plants can be planted in open ground, or you can leave them in pots by placing them in sunny areas. For the winter hibiscus must be covered.
By dividing the bush, grassy outdoor plants multiply. This is the fastest method of reproduction, in addition, it is a necessary measure to maintain flowering.
The division is made in early spring. Shrub gently dig forks and divide the rhizome with a shovel or knife. It is very convenient to separate it in the trunks: one trunk is a new plant. Slices must be sanitized with ash or crushed coal. Delenki need to immediately put in the ground and water. After a few weeks you can feed them with nitrogen fertilizer, for growing new shoots.
Cropping and crown formation
It should be noted that if garden hibiscus grows on your site, care should include pruning, which plays an important role. Carry it out in early spring when the plant is at rest. This event is held to increase flowering, as the buds are formed on the shoots of the current year. With the help of pruning form the crown of the plant. Hibiscus can be shaped into a ball, pyramid, and any other shape. Pruning does not harm the plant; hibiscus tolerates it easily.
Since hibiscus is a southern, thermophilic plant, it does not tolerate extreme cold.
In southern areas with mild winters, no special winter preparations are required. But in the northern regions of the plants in need of protection. For this shrub spud and insulate with sawdust or dry leaves. Young plants need to cover completely, using a special material and plastic wrap.
After winter, hibiscus is very "naked" for a very long time. Some gardeners think that he died and are in a hurry to uproot the plants. In fact, hibiscus is still "sleeping." Therefore, you need to be patient, by May on the plant will begin to appear the first leaves.
Pest and disease control
The main plant pests are spider mite and aphid. Signs of spider mite are the appearance of yellow dots on the leaves and the fall of still unexplored buds. Especially often the pest occurs in hot and dry weather.
To combat spider mites, you can use a solution of household soap (100 g of soap per 10 liters of water). You can use chemicals: Karbofos, Aktellik. The same tools can be used to combat aphids.
As a preventive measure can be called timely watering and feeding. Lack of nutrients in the soil can cause various diseases of hibiscus. For example, chlorosis. Signs of the disease is yellowing of the leaf. If a plant does not have enough nutrients, then it does not bloom, its leaves fall off and lateral shoots develop poorly. Regular fertilizing and timely watering will help to avoid these troubles. But it should be remembered that excessive watering can cause fungal diseases.
Interesting facts about the flower
There are many signs and superstitions associated with this beautiful plant.
Hibiscus is often called the flower of love, attributing to it the ability to resurrect lost love. At the same time it is also called the flower of death. There is a belief that if the hibiscus bloomed at the wrong time, then this is unfortunate, and when the plant withers or dries for no reason, then it is foreshadowing the illness of one of the family members.
Doctors say that in garden hibiscus flowers contain substances that can suppress carcinogens.
In some Asian countries, whole traditions are associated with the plant. For example, in Haiti, in South Korea and Malaysia, hibiscus is a national flower. Girls and women of the Hawaiian Islands adorn their heads: if the flower is on the left in her hair, then the woman is married, on the right she is free.
Believing in signs and superstition is everyone’s business, but still this plant deserves the attention of gardeners. It delights with variety and brightness of colors and is able to decorate any corner of the garden or backyard.
Breeding hybrid hibiscus
Grassy hibiscus propagates by seeds, cuttings and dividing the bush.
Place the stratified seeds on a wet paper towel and leave at room temperature for 5 or 7 days. When the seeds are swollen, spread them out in a wide, shallow container with a soil mixture at a distance of 0.5 cm, lightly sprinkle with earth and pour. Then cover the container with glass and leave in a bright and warm place. The first shoots will turn in about 3 weeks. When sprouts will get two sheets, they can be seated (ripped out).
Cutting is carried out in early summer or autumn. At the top of the bush, you should choose a healthy shoot, cut it at an angle, remove the lower leaves, leave the upper ones. Before planting, put the cutting in the water. Prepare a large pot (not less than 1 l), fill it with soil and water well. Next, you should make a groove up to 5 cm, dip the cutting in it, sprinkle with earth and water again. Now you need to build a greenhouse around the cutting and put the container in a warm, bright place (without direct sunlight). In general, it is grafted the same way as a home hibiscus:
To check the root formation process, 3 weeks after planting, gently pull the cutting, if the roots have grown, they will keep it in the soil.
You can divide the roots of adults, well-overgrown bushes and only in spring. Shrub should be dug, cut the rhizome into several parts and spread.
It is interesting
A flower of love or a flower of a beautiful woman - these were the names given to Hibiscus in the Hawaiian Islands. Sabdariff hibiscus flowers are used to brew karkade tea.
In Europe, exoticism is attributed to notoriety, the ability to predict bad events, or generally called the flower of death. Europeans believe that if hibiscus sheds leaves and withers, expect trouble, and the early appearance of buds promises death, and the hibiscus grown in the house will bring discord to the family.
In the homes and gardens of superstitious Europeans, there is no place for hibiscus for sure, but in the east they love and consider the flower to be a magical plant that can fill everything around with positive life energy.
On a note
Choosing and purchasing grassy hibiscus for your site, give up shopping from foreign catalogs, stroll through local nurseries. Buy planting material only from trusted vendors, because the ability to hibernate from these beauties directly depends on the adaptability of the mother plant to local climatic conditions.
When buying be sure to specify the conditions of cultivation. Give preference to seedlings with an open root system, note that the roots must be strong, powerful, thick and developed. Do not buy hibiscus younger than 2 years old, such seedlings are still little acclimatized.
We ourselves first had tall grassy hibiscus, but the site is small, they were not relevant. When in the city they saw two bright curtains of medium-sized specimens with giant flowers (it is a pity that the sizes of flowers were poorly transmitted in the photo below), I wanted to plant them again, even managed to find white ones on sale. They got accustomed well, and even wintered a thirty-degree winter of 2017–2018.
It is necessary to approach the choice of a place for a garden hibiscus with fantasy, the flower of beauty and love will successfully fit into any corner and get along with practically all possible plants - it is universal. Remember the main thing - hibiscus needs light and heat. As you can see, the grassy hibiscus is not too picky, planting and caring for it are not too burdensome. So be sure to take a look at this unpretentious exotic, just one bush planted in the garden will give you and your guests the brightest emotions and plunge into pleasant dreams of tropical beauty!
Popular hybrids and varieties of grassy hibiscus with photo
“Blue River” - petals of white variety with a light blue tint and “Old Yella” with a lemon tint,
“Carousel”, a magnificent varietal collection with giant flowers, abundant flowering and maroon-green dissected foliage, is distinguished by unpretentiousness and winter hardiness. The series includes three varieties - “Merry Heart” with large white flowers and a bright raspberry center, “Pink Passion” and purple “Red Wine”.
"Jazzberry Jam" - purple-pink bloom.
Luna series plants are undersized unpretentious varieties. Cultivars: "Moon Red", "Moon White" and "Moon Pink Whirlwind" with rose-white petals.
Hibiscus hybrid "Robert Fleming" - a compact shrub with velvety, red flowers 24 cm in diameter. Continuous flowering from July to the end of August.
Hybrid hibiscus "Fireball" with numerous bright red flowers with a diameter of 25 cm. The height of the bush is about 1.5 meters, winter hardiness up to minus 35 ̊С.
The Summerific collection is represented by several cultivars:
“Cranberry Crush” with scarlet bloom from early August to October and purple-green leaves,
"Summer Storm" - magnificent huge white and pink flowers against the background of green-purple foliage,
"Berry Awesome" - undersized bush with dark pink flowers,
"Cherry Cheesecake" - a spectacular cherry-white color of the petals,
"My Valentine" - a compact bush with huge bright red flowers,
"Midnight Marvel" - intense red bloom against the background of violet-purple foliage,
Planting grassy hibiscus
For planting, it is best to purchase seedlings in containers that quickly take root and adapt to a new place. You can land at any time from late spring to mid-September. Saplings with an open root system are usually planted after dividing the bush in early May.
Avoid planting swamp hibiscus on hot and dry days, as the plant can get a temperature shock during the procedure. In this weather, it is better to land in the evening.
This species is moisture-loving, so it grows well near ponds or in damp areas of the garden. Choose a place protected from the wind, sunny or light partial shade. Solar position stimulates the formation of large and numerous colors and helps to avoid fungal diseases.
The soil for growing grassy garden hibiscus should be neutral, saturated with humus and permeable to water. This species adapts to different types of soil, but fertile substrate promotes good growth and flowering.
Before planting, a layer of 7-10 cm of compost or humus, a little ash, a tablespoon of superphosphate, and a thin layer of earth are placed on the bottom of the planting pit. Then place the root ball, fall asleep hole and well watered. At first, make sure that the soil around the seedlings was moderately wet all the time.
So that the moisture does not evaporate and the roots do not overheat, the soil around the bush is mulched with a layer of compost or pine bark. Since many varieties, except for the dwarf, tend to grow, leave enough space between the seedlings when planting, about 1.5-2 meters, depending on the variety form.
Features care marsh hibiscus
Watering is a major factor in growing grassy hibiscus. With the beginning of active growth, the bush is abundantly irrigated 2-3 times a week. On cold and rainy days, watering is not necessary. In the heat watered more often. Watch the condition of the bush - the plant reacts to the lack of moisture by dropping the buds and withering foliage.
Некоторые сорта с хорошо развитой корневой системой довольно устойчивы к кратковременной засухе. Особенно выносливы сортовые формы серии Luna.
Подкармливают растение весной в начале вегетации органическим удобрением. В сентябре можно внести под куст разведенную в воде золу. Для продления цветения регулярно удаляйте увядшие цветки.
После первых морозов наземная часть куста отмирает. In late autumn, the shoots are pruned almost to the ground level, and the bush itself is well watered and spud with soil, spruce branches or fallen leaves.
Grass hibiscus seed
Seeds of this species have a high percentage of germination, and seedlings are characterized by rapid growth. To undergo stratification before sowing in the spring, mix the seeds with wet sand and store them in the refrigerator for 60 days.
Immediately before planting, seeds are soaked in warm water for a day. Sown in early March in a wet mixture of sand and peat to a depth of 3-4 mm and cover with a film.
The optimum temperature for germination is 20-23 C. Keep the substrate moderately moist with a water spray and periodically ventilate the greenhouse.
After germination, cover is removed and continue to grow grassy hibiscus in the same pot for 5 weeks. At the stage of 2-3 leaves, the seedlings dive and after a month carry out the first feeding with a weak solution of a balanced fertilizer with a predominant nitrogen content. Next, feed up with every third irrigation.
Planted in open ground at the beginning of summer and do not allow the soil to dry out, since the root system of young plants is very sensitive to the lack of moisture. To stimulate tillering it is useful as you grow to pinch the tips of the shoots.
Reproduction of grassy hibiscus by dividing the bush
Herb hibiscus reproduces well by dividing rhizomes, but only shrubs with a well-developed root system are suitable for the procedure. In the middle of spring, they dig a plant and divide the roots with growth points into several delenok, which are immediately planted and watered well.
Reproduction of grassy hibiscus cuttings
As soon as the young shoots reach a height of about one meter, cut cuttings 25 cm long and put them into the water to form roots. Water is often changed so as not to stagnate.
When the roots form, the plants are planted in open ground.
Pests and diseases
Culture is generally susceptible to the attack of pests such as aphid, whitefly, spider mite.
Thickened planting prevents air circulation and in rainy weather can lead to the development of fungal diseases: leaf spot, powdery mildew and rust. In general, with proper care, herbaceous hibiscus garden resistant to disease.