Hortensia is a plant that adorns the garden from mid-summer to the most frost.. Among gardeners and owners of personal plots, this plant has a lot of fans. Even a single bush of such a plant can transform any garden. Paniculate appearance has a special form of inflorescences.
The representative of one of the most charming and spectacular species of this plant is panicle hydrangea Phantom. This type of hydrangea has a light aroma and an incredibly beautiful flowering. His caps can grow up to 40 - 50 centimeters. Height can reach 2.5 meters. This variety is growing rapidly and gives new shoots. The inflorescence has a white color, but over time it acquires a pinkish tint. Flowering long. It starts at the end of June and can last until the first frost. Another name for this same plant is Phantom. But this is the name of the same paniculate variety. Its description is identical.
Description and distinctive features of the Hydrangea paniculate Phantom variety:
- this variety is adapted for winter frosts,
- short recovery time after trimming,
- cannot be transplanted for a long time
- abundant and bright bloom
- the root system is not subject to serious diseases.
Hydrangea paniculata Phantom landing and care must begin with choosing the right place. For her, it is better to choose a bright place with good lighting, but without the action of direct sunlight. A good option is landing near the fence, then it will be protected from the winds..
- The pit for planting should be prepared in diameter of 50 centimeters. The pit must be filled with fertile soil and slightly acidified. In order to acidify the soil, you can use sawdust or peat.
- Hydrangea seedling Phantom needs to be set so that the root neck is flush with the line of soil and cover the pit with soil.
- It is necessary to tamp the ground well so that no voids form. In the future, this may cause the soil to dry out.
- After planting should be plentifully watered the plant. The earth should be wet throughout the depth of the pit. If you do everything right. The sapling will quickly take root in 2 - 3 weeks.
How to care for a plant
Paniculata Hydrangea Phantom is not too demanding to care, but with some recommendations it is worth reading. In order for this plant to reveal all its possibilities, it is necessary to remember some rules:
- The plant is very moisture-loving, so do not forget about this feature, purchasing gardenia for your garden.
- In the process of watering and in activities for the care of the plant should not be forgotten that the hydrangea Phantom root system may be on top of the ground. You need to be very careful when working with weeds and other tillage directly next to the bush.
- Pruning plants must be done every year in spring. When pruning need to completely remove the diseased and frozen shoots. In their place will grow young and healthy shoots.
- Pruned shoots can be used for reproduction. They are pre-soaked in "Kornevine", and then planted in the ground.
Watering Hydrangea Phantom
The plant tolerates a dry period without watering.. In this case, the hydrangea Phantom will not be too large flowers that quickly fall off. For long and bright flowering it should be watered abundantly. The soil in which it grows should be moderately wet. This result can be obtained if you use at least 30 liters of water.
This variety of hydrangea is very moisture-loving. In rainy weather, the amount of water can be reduced. Watering must be done with warm settled water 2 times a week. If during planting the soil was ground with peat, then watering can be less. Thanks to this additive, the soil remains moist for a longer time.
If there is a goal to achieve from the care of lush and long flowering, it is necessary to produce a comprehensive feeding at least 2 times a year. It is necessary to feed the hydrangea for the first time in the period of the end of May or the beginning of June. After it starts to grow. It’s not worth feeding before.
Any nitrogenous fertilizer will do, but it is necessary to use soil acidification. Coniferous litter or alum is suitable for this.
The second time it is necessary to fertilize before it starts flowering. In this case, suitable phosphate and potash fertilizer. Top dressing needs to be scattered away from the plant itself, as the roots of the Hydrangea Phantom are located near the soil surface.
For the formation of a beautiful hydrangea bush Phantom, with a lush crown, it must be pruned. Abundant blooms and large flowers will only be subject to these conditions. All types of panicle hydrangea should be pruned in the spring as early as possible. Even before the kidneys awoke.
Inflorescences must be pruned in the fall. Thin shoots can not withstand such severity. Thin shoots are removed first. If there are shoots from the root on the bush, then they need to be removed. There are no flowers on them, but they take power from the plant.
Then you need to cut the branches growing in the direction of the inside of the bush. Such branches will interfere with the formation of the crown. Large branches are cut so that 2 to 3 buds are left. Then it is necessary to cut off all branches damaged by frost.
If the bush is an adult, then it is worth leaving 6 - 10 strong and healthy branches, and the rest should be cut off. Thus, the bush will rejuvenate. Hydrangea needs annual pruning.
For the preparation of hydrangeas for winter, it is necessary to trim dry caps. This is done so that the snow does not break the branches of the plant. Fallen leaves must be removed from under the bush. Since they can be a source of infection. If during the flowering plants were observed pests on the bush, then it is necessary to make treatment from pests.
Before wintering the plant should be covered with soil, which includes peat and horse manure. Mulching should be done before the onset of constant frost. If you do not mulch the soil, the root system, which is close to the surface, may freeze. If there are stones around the plant, it is better to remove them. Due to the fact that the stones have the ability to accumulate cold, the root system will be cooled in winter. Additional shelter hydrangea Phantom does not require. It perfectly tolerates the lowered temperature and in the spring will begin its growth, giving new shoots.
Hydrangea Phantom variety is an excellent representative of this plant species. It will decorate any garden and will give a unique look to the flower garden on the garden plot. Its inflorescences are beautiful at any time of the year, even in autumn.
For planting this hydrangea usually use cuttings or more often cuttings. The pit for planting should be about half a meter and prepare in advance. It is filled with fertile soil, which should contain peat. Optimum acidity can range from low to medium. The seedling is arranged in such a way that the root neck is at ground level. The first time the plant should be generously watered, but not eroding the soil over the roots. If you did everything right, then it will take root in the first two or three weeks. You can determine this by new leaves on the stems.
It is very important to plant the bushes at the right time.
In the north, hydrangea is planted in early spring. In places with a warm climate prefer autumn planting. It is better to plant the plants in a well-warmed soil, and this is approximately April - May.
But before planting you need to take care of the condition of the soil in which you are going to plant.
Lighting and soil
Although hydrangea is unpretentious enough, there are a few key points. Bushes need light, only the direct sunshine they suffer badly. Strong wind also does not add benefits when growing. The soil should not just be fertile. Hydrangea requires a soil of a certain acidity - so it will be better to bloom and develop. Therefore, during watering, gardeners often add lemon juice to water.
Preparing a pit for planting a bush
It is necessary to harvest a hole for planting in advance, in about two weeks. You need to dig a hole at least half a meter in length and about 60 centimeters in width. Next, pour into it fertile soil with peat. If soil acidity is too high, use lime or dolomite flour. In case you want to plant a hedge, you should consider that the distance between plants should be up to two and a half meters. To get a fence as early as possible, you can land at a distance of about a meter, but then after a few years you will need to thin out the plants.
In the process of landing, there are also a number of nuances.
Bristle Hydrangea planting pattern
Planting material is dug out with a small lump of soil. Before planting, broken roots and branches are pruned with a little shears. When planting in the center of the fossa, pour a small mound of earth so that the upper part is level with the edges of the fossa. Next, carefully place the roots so that they “look” in different directions.
Now that you have planted your plant, the question arises, how can you continue to care for it so that it grows large and strong.
When your hydrangea begins to grow, first of all pay attention to its feeding, watering and pruning.
If the plant is not cut in time, then too thick a bush will be quite tight.
You need to water about once every two weeks, but you should follow the soil itself - it should not be completely dry. During watering can feed mineral fertilizer.
The bush does not depend on watering and is able to grow quietly and dry season. However, in such conditions, flowering will be mild and short-lived. For ideal conditions, hydrangea "Phantom" should be watered regularly. The soil in which it grows must be sufficiently wet. This can be achieved using about 30 liters of water per square meter. In the rainy period, the amount of water is reduced. The abundance of moisture is not the only need of the plant. All experienced gardeners know that their pets need every way to please fertilizers.
Hydrangea is insatiable in terms of top dressing, so the soil must be regularly fertilized. Otherwise, the soil will quickly become unusable, since it literally draws out all the nutrients. With the arrival of spring, it is desirable to use top dressing, which is based on nitrogen. For rapid growth in May or June, you can fertilize the soil with humus or use complex fertilizer. In the flowering season of hydrangea is recommended to make mineral fertilizers with the obligatory content of potassium and phosphorus. Be careful with the amount: fertilize no more than once every 15 days. Excessive flowering can lead to oblong branches.
You need to finish feeding in August. This will give the plant time to prepare for pruning.
Standardly hydrangea paniculata "Phantom" cut in the fall, as soon as flowering is completed. This will simultaneously get rid of wilted inflorescences and wrap the soil around the plant for the time of cold weather. Pruning branches produce neatly, like trees, without affecting the skeletal branches. If necessary, you can get rid of weak and thin shoots. New branches can be shortened by 2 or 4 buds.
If desired, the bushes can be trimmed in the spring, after the buds are swollen. For the renewal of old plants they are pruned at the root, in young you can leave up to four buds. If cutting the cuttings in the first 4-5 years with high quality and regularly, you can get an amazing little tree.
Basic plant propagation rules
Hortensia paniculata can be propagated in three ways: cuttings, branches and division of the bush.
Cuttings are best prepared in advance - in the first month of summer, prior to their lignification. The shoots are left for several days in water, and after they are cut from two sides, leaving 3-4 buds. The lower cut is strongly recommended to treat the growth factor for the roots. Then place the cuttings in pots with soil from a mixture of peat and sand. Next, seedlings are brought in a special greenhouse. If you don’t have one, simply cover with banks or film to achieve the desired effect. However, plants must be in the shade, preferably in the basement. Rooting occurs in the first few weeks, during this period, you need to carefully water the seedlings, as hydrangea likes moist soil. Planted new plants is recommended in August next when. By the time the cuttings will have strong roots.
The layers are propagated by hydrangea exclusively in the spring. However, this method of reproduction does not give a guaranteed result. It is conducted as follows:
- Dig a hole no more than 15 centimeters deep.
- Choose the branch closest to the ground, cut the leaves off its tip and peel the bark.
- Next, place it in the prepared hole and cover it with earth on top.
Description and features of flowering
Regarding the characteristics of flowering, paniculate hydrangea begins to bloom for about 3-4 years of age. This may upset some gardeners with such a long waiting period, but on the other hand, even a lush bush of this plant is already able to decorate your garden, especially if you plant it along the fence. The flowering itself begins smoothly, and the bush gradually acquires buds from the first days of July to mid-October.
It is worth noting the fact that the newly bloomed petals have a light cream color, but later, the petals become white, sometimes with shades of pink (rarely) or light green (more often) colors (see photo). Hydrangea blooms "Phantom" every year, up to a great old age. If the bush is fertilized and fed, the number of inflorescences does not decrease with age, and sometimes it may increase even in adulthood.
We should also mention the features of the Phantom paniculate hydrangea, thanks to which this plant is a welcome guest in any garden plot:
- The bush has a high frost resistance, and does not require special preparation for winter even in northern latitudes,
- Cut or damaged shoots regenerate very quickly and are unable to cause significant harm to the health of the bush,
- It is extremely unpretentious, can grow on poor soil, even without fertilizer (it is recommended to fertilize so that the flowering is more lush)
- The root system is extremely resistant to various diseases of the fungal, bacterial and parasitic nature, regardless of the soil in which the bush is,
- It has an extremely unusual and beautiful appearance for our latitudes, which simply cannot go unnoticed.
The appearance of the plant and its physiological features are described in detail in the following paragraphs:
- The inflorescences have a similar form factor with chestnut “candles”, and their average length varies from 30 to 50 cm,
- Color variations of inflorescences can be from light cream shades to rose burgundy,
- The bush has a very powerful and developed root system, which is massive, and reaches a huge size, exceeding the crown circumference,
- Paniculate hydrangea, like most other species of this plant, can be identified by a gentle, but at the same time relatively strong smell.
Preparation and conditions for successful planting hydrangea Phantom
Phantom hydrangea is most often planted in the form of cuttings or cuttings that are placed in pits up to 50 cm deep. The planting itself is carried out in a place well lit by the sun, but at the same time, it is recommended to cover the hydrangea in especially hot summer days with an awning. Overly scorching sun can "tilt up" the tips of the inflorescences.
The best place for planting hydrangea phantom bushes is to place them along walls, fences and fences. These places are good because they also serve as a natural shelter for the bush from the strong wind, which can pretty battle the inflorescences.
In general, it is possible to plant hydrangea in any soil. If you want to get a really big and abundantly flowering bush, give preference to clay soils, and avoid the soil with abundant sand content. Also, hydrangea grows well on soils with high acidity, for which some gardeners pour lemon juice with water on the ground.
If you have only low acidity soil at your disposal, add peat, sawdust or needles to it, which will increase the acidity to the desired level of hydrangea. Such procedures are best carried out in advance, about 14 days before the landing of hydrangea.
Planting cuttings hydrangea "Phantom" can be both in spring and autumn. If you live in a region with a warm climate, plant hydrangea in the spring (April-May). If you live in the northern regions, plant hydrangea in early autumn (early-mid-September), while the soil is still warm enough.
The landing process: the main stages
Successful planting of this variety of hydrangea depends on compliance with the main stages, a detailed list of which is listed below:
- Preparing the pit for planting. The pit should be harvested in advance, usually 2 weeks before planting. Выкопайте яму глубиной 50-60 см, после чего наполните её плодородной почвой, основываясь на полученной выше информации, и разбавьте её торфом. Если же кислотность почвы слишком велика, её можно снизить путем добавления в яму доломитовой муки,
- As for the planting of the selected bush, the planting material should be with a land clod that will cover the main core of the rhizome. All broken roots before planting should be removed with shears,
- Planting material is put in a dug hole in such a way that the roots look in different directions around their circumference, and do not bend down, and also do not stick up,
- Planting material should be filled in this way, so that the root neck is at a depth of no more than 2 cm. Otherwise, the hydrangea will develop slowly, and the period of the first flowering may stretch,
- Having filled up the seedling, the soil around it should be thoroughly tamped in order to completely eliminate the risk of formation of voids,
- After tamping, the soil around the seedling should be carefully watered with water in such a way that the soil becomes wet at a depth of 50 cm,
- The landing process can be considered complete. In windy weather, you can tie a sapling to a cane, but this is if the gusts of wind are really strong.
Watering and feeding
- Water the sapling 1 time in 2 weeks, while not allowing the soil to dry completely. Watering the seedling, you can add mineral fertilizers to the water for hydrangea, or mineral fertilizers of the universal plan, for flowering plants,
- Hydrangea also grows without top dressing, but to get lush flowering you need to attend to fertilizing the soil. The first feeding in early spring should be based on nitrogen. From the beginning of May to the end of June, hydrangea can be started to be fed with organic fertilizers in the form of various types of humus. During the flowering period, hydrangea must be fed with fertilizers with abundant potassium and phosphorus. Starting in the fall, the feeding is stopped, so as not to disturb the biological rhythms of the plant, which is gradually being prepared for hibernation.
Remember, subcortex exercise at intervals of at least 15 days. Excessive fertilizer can provoke so abundant flowering that inflorescences will break branches.
Now we should talk about the rules for trimming hydrangea "Phantom", which are represented by the following points:
- Circumcision is carried out exclusively in the autumn, when the bush threw flowers,
- You can cut off all branches, except for skeletal,
- Also, pruning can be done in the spring, but only after the buds have swelled,
- New branches can be cut by 2-4 buds during spring pruning,
- In the most extreme case, the branches can be cut at the root, and from scratch to form a bush of new shoots.
There is one little trick that many gardeners have adopted. The trick is that in the first year of flowering, you must completely cut off all or most of the inflorescences. This will allow the bush to gain strength until next year, and with a double power to bloom as rapidly as possible.
Soil loosening and mulching
For most hydrangea mulching is not fundamental, and it is fine to do without it. However, if you are bothered by weeds, which are sometimes problematic to get rid of, you can make a mulching of the soil in a dense and thick layer around the hydrangea bush. This will impede the germination of annuals, and significantly slow down the development of the rhizomes of perennial weeds.
It is best to mulch the soil near the hydrangea with rotted manure and straw, or you can use sawdust instead of straw.
Preparing for the winter
Hortensia tolerates winters to -25 ° C without insulation. If winters in your region are colder, it makes sense to warm the plant's root system by putting peat with peporvshimi leaves or humus around the bush. In especially frosty climatic zones, a hydrangea bush can be covered.
The bush is covered with insulation from fabric or tarpaulin, after which a framework is constructed around the bush from metal tubes covered with mesh. The leaves are poured into the frame, and all this is covered on top with plastic wrap before spring comes.
Attitude to drafts
Remember, hydrangea "Phantom" absolutely does not tolerate drafts. Moreover, despite all the simplicity, hydrangea is extremely sensitive to rapid temperature changes, and there are cases when spring frosts hit the spring and bushes with full buds died.
Hydrangea is resistant to diseases and pests, but can be attacked by aphids and powdery mildew. The following drugs are used to control these pests for hydrangea:
- Mix 25 grams of foundationol with 10 liters of water. Spray the plant against powdery mildew,
- Mix 250 grams of grated garlic, 50 grams of laundry soap, and 10 liters of water. Spray the plant against aphids, at intervals of 7 days. Before adding soap, water with garlic infuse for 2 days.
Based on the information obtained above, it is possible to draw an affirmative conclusion that planting and caring for the Phantom paniculate hydrangea is a very simple task that even a beginner can handle.
Why plant a plant
The place of growth of paniculate hydrangea Phantom is the territory of the Far East. Culture has been spread throughout Korea, China, Japan, and Sakhalin since ancient times. Hydrangeas began to be attributed to cultivated plants only in the 1860s. Specialists for such a period of time were able to get a large number of different plant varieties, including Phantom tree hydrangea.
Modern Hydrangea Phantom varieties and their description:
- The survival rate in the harsh growing conditions reaches 100 percent, so the area of planting a flower begins to increase significantly every year. The plant can firmly withstand frost down to -25 degrees Celsius. After wintering, it recovers very quickly and returns to normal.
- Abundant flowering with graceful flowers greatly surprises even fastidious gardeners.
- Unpretentious cultures can be grown for many years, which does not harm their appearance.
- The plant can settle down on any soil mixture.
- Rhizomes are almost not affected by diseases.
- Culture can be grown as a shrub and tree.
- You can easily multiply the plant by different methods: cuttings, layering and dividing the bush.
If you decide to start growing a variety of hydrangea Phantom, then it is important to preliminarily choose a place for it where direct rays of the sun will not fall and where there will be no strong drafts.
Varieties and types
Hydrangea paniculata phantom - maternal culture. The description of the hydrangea paniculata Phantom was carried out by many breeders, at the same time they were able to achieve better frost-resistant characteristics from the plant. Currently, the plant hydrangea has become particularly popular, so it began to grow in areas with a predominantly harsh climate.
In harsh climatic areas, gardeners grow mainly such varieties of hydrangea:
Among the large number of varieties can be distinguished deciduous and evergreen crops. The total height of shrubs can range from 1 to 3 meters. In natural growing conditions, the height of the hydrangea can reach up to 8 meters.
Tree hydrangea grows up to 3 meters in height. It has oval and elongated leaves, in diameter they reach up to 20 centimeters. The flowers are small and form large inflorescences up to 25 centimeters. Color shades within the same variety can be very different.
The process of flowering plants begins in early summer and continues throughout the season. Even in the autumn months, inflorescences remain on the plant. On the Phantom with white flowers by the end of summer, the petals begin to change their color to greenish.
Cut flowers continue for a long time not to fade. They also retain their shape and colors. It is for such qualities that the plant is greatly appreciated by landscape designers and florists.
In order for the plant to bloom profusely, every spring it is cut out at the root. Pruning is most often carried out with the onset of April. Very quickly, hydrangea bushes grow in areas with moist and fertile soils that contain a small amount of acidity.
All varieties of paniculate hydrangea differ from each other in their color palette, as well as in the size of a bush, flower or tree.
Phantom variety looks like a sprawling tree or shrub. The diameter of the crown can reach several meters. The leaves are painted in a dark green shade, rather large. The shoots of the plant are strong. Young shoots differ from older ones in their bright green color. On lignified crops, the bark acquires a red-brown color.
Over time, the shoots lose all the strength, therefore, hydrangea paniculata needs regular pruning.
The first flowers develop on the plant at the age of 4 to 5 years. If during the care of the crop all the basic rules are followed, the plant will continue to bloom for several decades: in one place the flower can continue to grow for about forty years.
The total length of the flower brushes reaches 30 centimeters. The flowering process begins at the end of June-beginning of July and lasts until the onset of low temperatures outside. It is also important to note that the color palette on the bush can vary greatly throughout the season.
If the variety is white, then its buds first turn green-cream color, and then become creamy white, at the end of their flowering buds become pink. On cream varieties by the end of flowering the flowers change to pale pink.
There are a large number of varieties of paniculate hydrangea, each of them, including Phantom, is very much appreciated by designers when designing projects in the garden. They are planted not only on the territory of private gardens or courtyards, but also in city beds, squares and parks.
Since the height of varieties can be different, with the help of such a culture on the site you can create absolutely any design:
- soliternye planting on beds of globular bushes and standard trees,
- belt type plantings, from which they create hedges that separate garden and park paths on the site,
- creating joint multi-tiered designer landings that form the foreground of the entire composition. Panicle hydrangea looks good with different ornamental cultures, both blooming and evergreen.
If you make the right planting, the lush flowers on the plant will continue to delight the gardener throughout the summer season.
For planting plants are most often used layering or cuttings. The pit for disembarking is created up to half a meter in size and prepared in advance. A fertile mixture is poured into it, which necessarily includes peat. The optimum acidity index can range from low to medium. The seedling is placed in the soil in such a way that its root neck is flush with it.
The first time after planting the culture is well watered, while it is important to ensure that the soil does not erode over the rhizomes. If everything was done according to the instructions, then the sapling will quickly take root in the first few weeks. This can be determined by the appearance of new leaves on the stems of the plant. It is very important to plant the plant in open ground at the right time.
In the northern regions of the country, it is customary to plant the culture in early spring. In places with a warm climate, it is best to use autumn planting. It is best to plant the crop in a well-warmed soil, this time comes around April or May. Before planting it is very important to take care of the condition of the soil in which the plant is placed.
Light level and ground
Although hydrangea is unpretentious, there are several features of its cultivation. Bushes are important to provide the desired level of illumination in the place of growth, but they also tolerate direct sunlight quite poorly. Strong gusts of wind also will not affect this flower positively.
It is important to select a soil mix not easy with a high level of fertility. Hydrangea is used to grow under conditions of a certain acidity - so it blooms and develops better.. When watering plants, gardeners often add a small amount of lemon juice to the water.
To increase the acidity of the soil, it is allowed to add brown peat, simple sawdust or needles. Ash, lime and chalk, on the contrary, adversely affect the acidity index.
Planting hydrangea Phantom requires from the gardener some knowledge and skills, since for this you need to prepare in advance not only planting material, but also the soil. When planting, it is important to increase the fertility and acidity of the soil. The pit for transplantation is also important to prepare in advance.
Creating a pit
Preparation of the pit for disembarkation is carried out in advance, another fourteen days before the due date. For this, a hole is dug not less than half a meter deep and about 60 centimeters in diameter. After it pours fertile soil with peat. If the acidity is too high, then apply lime or dolomite flour.
In the event that the summer resident is going to create a whole hedge of hydrangea, he must take into account that the total distance between crops should reach two and a half meters. To create a fence as quickly as possible, you can make a landing at a distance of about a meter, but in this case, after a few years, the plant will have to thin out.
Hortensia paniculata hails from the Asian continent and Sakhalin Island. Until the 18th century, it was not grown in our country. Then the breeders became interested in the flower and took up its selection. Already cultivated varieties did not change their beautiful external data. But they became resistant to frost and changeable climate of our country. Today, it can be found in almost every park and square.
Hortensia paniculata phantom is cultivated as a small lush shrub or elegant tree of 2.5 meters in length. Its width is almost the same - 2 m. Its rhizome does not go deep, but grows as far as possible in width.
The leaves of the shrub are deep green, wide at the base and narrowed at the tip. Pyramidal inflorescences, they consist of many large flowers. The size of the flower brush reaches 30 cm.
The beauty of flowering is especially unusual. Initially, the flowers are painted in a light green-white color. Over time, they change shade and become gently pink.
The shrub blooms very long, the whole summer season and until the very beginning of autumn.
In addition, the plant is fragrant, it has a delicate honey smell.
Dropping a sprout of a hydrangea can grow it for many years in one place without a transplant. On average, the life of a shrub to 40 years.
It is very easy to form a tree or shrub from a seedling, this quality of a plant is valued by gardeners and landscape designers.
After pruning or in the case of any damage to the shrub, new, young shoots grow quickly. The tree also has good resistance to various diseases of the root system (fungal infection or decay), so it is grown on different types of soil.
Planting in open ground
It is important to know a beginner florist that this plant loves the sun, but not direct sunlight. Planted hydrangea need in shaded places. You can find a place among the fruit trees in the garden. With their crown, they will cover the shrub from the draft and the sun. Often the hydrangea paniculata phantom is planted near various buildings, fences, houses.
Site preparation and soil
Place for landing must begin to prepare for three weeks earlier. It is necessary to dig a hole about 1 meter deep. Its width should be 15 cm more depth.
If the soil is with high acidity, add wood ash to the bottom of the pit. Next, the soil that has been dug, mix with peat, sand, compost, organic fertilizer and fill the hole. 3-4 buckets of water should be poured in here, so that the soil mixture is well soaked. Two, three weeks the earth should be laid down.
Hydrangea paniculata phantom planted layering or cuttings. If there is already ready sprout, before you put it in the hole, you need to inspect the root system. Carefully, with a sharp object, remove dried or completely dry, damaged roots. Then immerse the seedling for one hour in warm water with the addition of a growth stimulator.
You can use the purchase or add to the water aloe juice. Roots quicken quicker, absorb moisture. It will be easier for them to take root after disembarkation.
How and when to plant
Hydrangea phantom seedlings are planted in the spring, before the buds wake up. When sap flow is practically absent. Or in the fall, a month before the onset of frost. It is necessary to give time to the root to take root well. Autumn landings are surely warmed. To do this, the near-trunk circle is filled with sawdust, straw, or spruce branches.
Set the seedling in the planting hole so that the root neck does not fall below the ground level. Then spread out the roots and gradually sprinkle them with loose earth. Each time the soil is gradually compacted so as not to form oxygen pillows. Otherwise they will dry the roots.
After planting sprout, it must be watered. Следует проследить, чтобы земля не вымылась под корнями, и по надобности досыпать грунта.
Через две-три недели уже можно понять, принялась гортензия фантом или нет. Первый признак того, что она укоренилась, будет появление молоденьких листиков.
Как ухаживать за гортензией осенью, зимой
Young plants must be insulated for the winter so that they do not freeze. Adults do not need such a procedure. After all, a strong tree is able to withstand frost to forty degrees. Since the blooming of the hydrangea phantom begins only at 4-5 years of life, the tree is considered an adult after the appearance of the first buds.
After trimming the bush is covered, during a snowfall, it is additionally estimated with snow. Then he is not afraid of blizzards and severe frosts.
Reproduction of hydrangea paniculate phantom
Propagation of hydrangea, as layering and cuttings. To form the cuttings, you need to cut off the necessary shoots no later than the end of June. At this time, they are quite flexible. Put them in a container horizontally and pour in cold water for 2-3 days. Next, cut the shoots on the cuttings, so that each has more than three buds.
Prepare the soil mixture (mix 1: 1 sand and peat), pour into flower pots and stick cuttings into them. Depth should be equal to one third of the appendix. Then cover with polyethylene and take out in a cool and dark place.
It is necessary to periodically moisten the soil in the pots, the cuttings will quickly take root. But they should stand until the end of next summer.
Protection against diseases and pests
This plant is resistant to diseases, but sometimes infections with fungal diseases occur.
Chlorosis - can be determined by yellowing foliage and absolutely green streaks on it. The plant becomes infected in too alkaline soils. To cure the shrub, you should use the purchase of drugs. Or pour a circle with water with iron and citric acid.
Dark spots on the leaves indicate gray mold. All affected shoots are cut and sprayed with soap and copper.
With septospirosis, the shrub may be left without foliage. After careful trimming of the tree, capturing the intact parts of the shoot, it is necessary to spray it with Bordeaux solution.
If the leaves have become rusty in color, the plant becomes ill with rust. This happens when excessive fertilization with nitrogen fertilizer. Spraying of copper oxychloride will relieve the disease.
From aphids, spider mites and slugs sold a lot of effective drugs.
Use of hydrangea in landscape design
Landscape designers love to use this flower in their work. Its bushes are planted with single plantations or various compositions. From it make hedges or background for flower beds.
Hortensia looks great with annual and perennial shrubs of similar size. So it’s with blue spruces and gorgeous juniper bushes.
The kind that can be called the most beautiful among all paniculate subspecies can be called without a doubt: hydrangea paniculata Phantom.
This is one of the few varieties, whose flowers exude an incredibly delicate honey aroma, tangible far from the plant itself. All insects fly on this fascinating scent.
Due to its only positive qualities, this garden beauty is very popular among professional florists, and gardeners amateurs also do not overlook it. But not every lover of beautiful and exotic plants knows how to properly care for them.
In the "world" panicled, the Phantom variety can be safely called a record holder in the following areas:
• The size of the flower brush. Sometimes it reaches not just 30 centimeters, but continues to grow significantly larger than this size.
• Lifetime. If you properly care for him, the bush will live more than 40 years.
• Tall shrub. This variety sometimes reaches 2.5 meters.
Hortensia Phantom is not just an excellent plant that is suitable for planting in gardens, flowerbeds and other places as a decoration, but also a shrub, which is distinguished by its special characteristics and endurance, if it was planted in regions with poor climate and soil.
This sun-loving plant, but she does not like when the sun bakes all day. That is why it is necessary during planting to choose a place that will be illuminated by sunlight before lunch, and after that, be in partial shade. In addition, it is best to choose a place near the fence or the house, because these supports will be the best option for protection from strong winds.
Watering, soil, hydrangea paniculate Phantom fertilizer
This sample is a very moisture-loving plant. Of course, you do not need to create a marshy ground for it, but you shouldn’t let it dry either. So say the soil should be moderately wet. The very composition of the soil is not needed any special. But, better it will develop in a neutral or acidic environment. If the Hydrangea paniculata Phantom is planted in full shade, it simply will not bloom like, for example, in partial shade and in the sun. If the earth is not sour or not neutral, the flowers may not be so bright. It will grow beautifully in clay soil, and absolutely will not be in the sandy.
Therefore, we draw the right conclusions! The more acidity in the ground, the better it will develop.
That is why often, when watering in water, add lemon juice or acid. Needles, sawdust, or even peat are added to the landing pit for acidification.
What is needed pruning for hydrangea Phantom
If you do not produce timely pruning, the flowering will not be as intense as it should be. Before the cold, branches of hydrangea at least two buds should be cut, along with the flowering inflorescence. In the spring pruning looks like a sanitary cleaning of the bush from dried and frozen shoots. The branches should be cut to the part of the plant that will be alive. Quite old bushes are required to be cut “at the root” in order for them to grow on the new one. After keeping a few days in the solution "Kornevina" cut sprouts can be planted in the ground.
Hortensia Phantom grows beautifully in the garden and in the garden. It will look perfect as a color accent. It is used as an ornament in a group composition, or in a single landing.
Hortensia - amazingly beautiful flowering shrubs. She takes the leading place in landscape design of parks, gardens and personal plots.
There are many varieties of this hydrangea paniculata, and the Phantom variety is one of the most remarkable. This variety of panicle hydrangea is famous for its large inflorescence, long flowering and long life span, which makes it extremely popular.
In the article you will learn everything about the care and landing of a hydrangea paniculate phantom, and also you will see a photo and a description of the plant.
Basics of care
For good growth and abundant flowering of the bush, it needs appropriate care. Care for the hydrangea phantom is not difficult. Plants need to provide:
- Regular pruning,
- Preparing for the winter.
Hydrangea phantom is quite moisture-loving, so when the topsoil dries out under the bush, it is necessary to water it. For watering enough 10 liters of water under each bush. In the summer, watering is carried out every 2 weeks, and in very dry and hot weather - every 10 days.
Mulching is done to preserve moisture in the soil and reduce its evaporation. After watering the bush, the soil in the area around the circle of the trunk circle is loosened and covered with sawdust or peat.
For the proper development of the bush it needs regular feeding. In the spring, during the active growing season, it is recommended to feed the hydrangea with phantom nitrogen fertilizers, which are applied to the soil every 2 weeks. Good results are obtained by feeding a solution of mullein for the growth of new shoots.
With the beginning of the formation of buds, the hydrangea phantom should be fed with mineral fertilizers with a high content of phosphorus and potassium. These drugs stimulate flowering and contribute to the growth of many buds and flowers.
Without an annual formative pruning, the plant will not be abundant and long-bloom. Every spring, sanitary bush pruning is carried out after wintering, combining it with forming the crown of the plant.
The grade of a hydrangea "Phantom" is rather frost-resistant, it does not need shelter during the winter period. Before hibernation, remove all inflorescences and slightly root the root neck. It is also recommended to tie the branches of the bush so that they do not break during heavy snow.
Planting and breeding
Planting hydrangeas variety "Phantom" is carried out after the establishment of warm weather. The most favorable period for this is from mid-April to the end of May.
Before planting, you must choose a place for the future bush. It is important that it is well lit.
However, the direct rays of the sun should get there only in the morning, so the place is better to choose near the spreading crown of the tree, which will give shade during the day.
It is advisable to plant a bush near the fence or wall of the house, as it will need protection from wind gusts.
The next stage is the preparation of the landing pit. Its size should be not less than 50x50x50 cm. It is well spilled with water, and the next day it is filled with prepared soil mixture.
Hydrangea phantom loves acidic soils and does not develop in alkaline. The best soil mix for it includes:
All components are taken in equal parts. Add 40-50 g of superphosphate to the mixture.
A rooted cutting of a hydrangea phantom is planted in a pit filled with soil so that its root collar is level with the ground. After planting, the soil is compacted, and the plant is well watered.
The most common and productive method of breeding paniculate hydrangea "Phantom" - grafting. Cuttings harvested during the annual spring pruning of the bush. They are shortened, leaving 5-6 buds on each, and then treated from below with a root growth stimulator. After that, the cuttings are planted for rooting in pots or containers with soil.
Rooting soil should consist of peat and sand in equal parts.. Cuttings are added to 2 buds in a moistened primer and covered with glass jars or film. They are located in a shaded place so that they do not fall into the rays of the sun.
In such conditions, rooting occurs in 4-5 weeks. Rooted cuttings are planted in open ground only next spring. In the winter they are taken into a warm room.
About the reproduction of garden hydrangeas can be found here.
Pruning hydrangea "Phantom" is carried out in the spring and autumn. Spring pruning is carried out after wintering the plant before the start of the growing season. During pruning, remove all frozen, broken and dry branches. They are cut to live tissue. If the bush then remains too thick, it should be thinned out, cutting those shoots that grow inside the crown.
At the same time, the formation of a crown hydrangea phantom. In this case, all long shoots are shortened, giving the bush the desired shape. In addition to the bush crown grown standard specimens of hydrangea phantom. To do this, every spring, cut branches at the bottom of the trunk so that the hydrangea phantom grows in the form of a small tree.
For very old bushes such pruning is not enough. In this case, conduct a radical anti-aging pruning. At the same time, the whole bush is cut off at the root, so that over time it will build up young shoots and bloom.
In the autumn, pruned inflorescences are pruned. They are removed, shortening shoots by 2 buds.
Now you know everything about the care and planting of a hydrangea paniculate phantom, and also saw a photo and a description of the plant. You can learn more about popular hydrangea diseases here.
Hortensia Phantom is one of the most beautiful representatives of the paniculate subspecies. The culture has lush flowers with a rich honey aroma. Her homeland is East Asia, in nature also found in South and North America.
From planting to the first flowering hydrangea usually takes from 4 to 5 years. With proper care, it will delight with beautiful flowers for several decades: the plant retains its vitality for more than 40 years.
1 Phantom variety description
Phantom variety hydrangeas look like a bush or a small tree. The diameter of the crown reaches 2 m, and the height is even greater. The plant has a dark green foliage, smooth, with a smooth edge. Shoots grow strong and large. They can be easily distinguished from an adult tree by a light green shade of bark. Over time, the branches will become woody and covered with red-brown bark.
Over the years, shoots lose their strength and become fragile, so every year you need to prune hydrangea.
The inflorescences are collected in brushes up to 30 cm in length. The flowering period of hydrangea - from the end of June until the most frost.
Interesting fact: during the season flowersone bush can change its shade.For example, in a white variety, the buds are greenish cream first, then become milky white, and by the end of flowering they turn pink.
2.1 Choosing a place is key
With the right choice of a site, the culture will grow for a long time and delight in its flowering, without burdening the grower with additional worries. The following points should be considered:
- These shrubs or trees feel good and in a shaded place. However, it is desirable that in the first half of the day they were illuminated by sunlight. With their complete absence of inflorescence will be loose, with unusual color.
- You can not plant a plant under the scorching sun. This will cause burns on foliage and inflorescences. Hortensia will lose its attractiveness and decoration.
- Negatively affect the shrub wind. Inflorescences have a rather heavy weight, so branches can break off due to the wind.
Based on these factors, it is clear that the optimal place to land is in the light penumbra of a loose fence or on the east side.
2.2 Soil for hydrangea
This culture can grow on any fertile soil, but it feels best of all on loams with neutral or slightly elevated acidity. In alkaline soils, hydrangea flowers shrink, and the plant itself loses its strength and becomes more susceptible to diseases.
If the soil is too acidic, then it can be deoxidized by adding ash, dolomite flour, lime or chalk to the substrate. You need to make them, first dissolved in water, so as not to burn the roots.
2.3 Planting - Terms and Conditions
Most often, especially in the northern regions, hydrangea is planted in open ground in early spring. Until she had time to wake up after hibernation. This is due to the fact that rooting and active sap flow of the plant has not yet begun. Flowers planted during this period are much more resistant to harsh winter conditions.
If planting is carried out in the summer, then the area around the trunk must be sprinkled with mulch (peat or pine needles) to prevent overheating. In the autumn, the mulch layer will protect against cold.
In zones with a warm climate, landing is most often carried out in the fall.
3.1 Preparation of the hole
It is necessary to prepare the hole in advance, approximately two weeks before the direct planting of the seedling:
- First you need to dig a hole 50 cm deep and 60 cm wide.
- Cover it with fertile soil mixed with peat.
- Use deoxidizers if the acidity of the earth is increased.
If you plan to plant several seedlings, which subsequently have to form a hedge, then you should leave a distance between holes of 2.5 meters. If it is less, then a couple of years will require a thinning of plants.
3.2 landing pattern
Description of the landing process is as follows:
- Planting material is dug together with a small lump of soil in which the seedling is located.
- Roots and branches with kinks slightly trimmed with shears.
- In the hole you need to fill a little earth in such a way that it lay in the form of a mound. And its top should be flush with the edges of the hole.
- Then you need to carefully place the roots along the edges of the mound of the earth.
Place the root collar should not go under the ground deeper than 2 cm. Otherwise, the hydrangea will slowly grow and develop poorly.
- The ground around the seedling should be tightly tamped so that there are no voids. Otherwise in the future the bush will dry up.
- The plant must be watered abundantly to moisten the substrate to a depth of 50 centimeters.
Any gardener wants his hydrangea to grow big and strong. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the specifics of her care. An important role is played by top dressing, watering and timely pruning.
3.3 Regular watering
Hydrangea is quite independent of irrigation and grows quietly during dry periods. However, flowering in such conditions will be short and not lush. Ideally, you need to moisten the soil regularly. This can be achieved by pouring out about 30 liters of water per square meter. During rains, irrigation intensity should be reduced.
3.4 Need for fertilizers
Hydrangea very quickly pulls all the nutrients from the soil. Fertilizers are a must. Therefore, you need to regularly feed the soil, otherwise it will become unsuitable for the growth and development of the plant.
In the spring you need to use nitrogen-containing fertilizers. In May and June - complex feeding or humus. With the advent of flowers, it is necessary to enrich the soil with mineral fertilizers containing potassium and phosphorus.
Fertilizing hydrangea should be no more than once every two weeks. Otherwise, the flowering will become too abundant, because of which the branches will begin to break.
It is necessary to complete the application of fertilizing in August. So the tree will have time to prepare for pruning.
3.5 Neat pruning
Paniculate hydrangea Phantom should be cut in the fall, when the flowering period ends. С помощью этой процедуры избавляются от увядших соцветий. Обрезку проводят очень осторожно, не задевая скелетные ветки. Если у растения появились тонкие и слабые побеги, то их тоже срезают. Новые ветки укорачивают на 2–4 почки.
Иногда кусты обрезают весной, после набухания первых почек. Чтобы обновить уже старое растение, его обрезают под корень. And the young leave 4 buds per branch. When carrying out a quality procedure for the first 5 years, you can get a neat little tree.
In the first year of flowering, it is important to trim the inflorescences. It is necessary that the hydrangea retains strength for abundant flowering next year.
3.6 Sent for the winter
Hortensia Phantom is a winter-hardy variety that does not need special care during this period.
However, you need to insulate the root system to protect against freezing. For this, a mixture of peat with leaves or a layer of humus is laid around the trunk.
In regions with severe winters it is recommended to completely close the bush. The plant is covered with a covering material, around which a grid frame is installed at a distance of 30 cm. The voids between the insulation and the grid are filled with dry leaves. From above, everything is wrapped with a waterproof film.
4 Plant propagation rules
When a bush or tree grows large enough and strong, you can think about its independent reproduction. There are three ways:
In the method of dividing the bush in the fall, they dig up the whole plant after it has completely flowered. Then it is neatly divided into three parts. One of the main conditions is that the kidneys should be on each part, they guarantee further growth. Roots are pruned lightly and planted in holes. The soil must be prepared in advance - fertilize it with mineral and organic dressings.
In the spring, hydrangea is propagated by layering. This method does not guarantee results. The breeding scheme is as follows:
- In advance you need to dig a hole 15 cm deep.
- Choose a low-lying branch on the bush (it is advisable to take the closest to the ground). Cut the leaves off its tip and remove the bark.
- The prepared branch must be placed in the hole and covered with earth.
- When the branch settles down, it must be cut near the base of the mother plant.
- After some time, when the seedling is strengthened, it can be transplanted. If you do it right away, then the layouts may die.
- It is important not to forget about watering and feeding.
In the third breeding case, the plants prepare the cuttings in advance. This is done in June, before they are covered with strong bark. Shoots put for several days in the water, and then cut off on both sides, leaving 3-4 buds. Cutting from the bottom is best done with a growth stimulator for the roots - the cutting will take root sooner. After that, it is placed in a pot with a mixture of peat and sand.
Seedlings are transported to a special greenhouse or covered with a glass jar or film of sprout. Pots put in a shaded place, if possible in the basement. The cuttings begin to take root in the first few weeks - during this period it is important to provide them with abundant watering. It is possible to plant such saplings in a year, preferably in August. By this time, their roots will be strong.
5 How to grow a standard hydrangea
Hydrangea grown on shtambe - an effective way to get an unusual tree. This can be done independently, for example, from a cutting:
- You need to choose a plant that has a pronounced small trunk.
- The stalk, which has taken root, is planted separately from the rest of the bushes and within 3 years form the trunk.
- A wooden or metal stake will be suitable as a support. It needs to be deepened into the ground and the plant strengthened on it in several places.
- New side shoots pinch twice in the first summer, and on the second and subsequent carry out cutting on a ring. This contributes to the thickening of the trunk.
- The main shoot should be shortened to the most developed kidney once a year - during the period of increased growth.
- When the trunk reaches a height of 1-1.5 m, begin to lay the crown.
- After form the skeletal branches.
Fully standard tree formed over 8 years.
There is another way of growing a stem hydrangea by vaccination:
- First you need to prepare a stock - it may be the stem of a plant belonging to the same genus as the future crown.
- In the stem part of the stock, splitting is done, and a graft with several live buds is grafted into it. Clefts can be done 3-4, depending on the size of the trunk.
- The cuts should be covered with garden pitch, and the junction should be covered with polyethylene.
- If the vaccination procedure is successful, after about a month the kidneys will begin to open and grow.
- The junction of the rootstock and cuttings should be strong and durable, with no traces of film and banners.
- Shtamb should choose a straight and strong.
- Forming the crown, it is important to remove the shoots that do not give inflorescences, as well as periodically sanitary pruning.
Hortensia - a beautiful, richly flowering plant that can decorate any area. Unpretentious perennial culture can delight the delightful colors of their owners for many years.