Cucumber: the secrets of growing


Cucumbers are herbaceous annual plants that belong to the Pumpkin family.

In cooking, cucumbers are often used raw and marinated. They are distinguished by good taste and aroma, possess valuable medicinal and dietary properties. Cucumbers are often used for cosmetic purposes, of which extracts and various infusions are made, and so on.

The composition of this vegetable is almost unique. The fruit consists of ninety-five percent water, which is very close to the composition with distilled.

Planting cucumbers

It is important to know that cucumbers can be planted in two ways:

When choosing a seedling method, seeds are taken, which are sown a month before they are supposed to be planted in the ground, they germinate pretty quickly. In order to properly start planting, it is best to germinate them before that. This is done as follows: the seeds are first heated, and then placed in a fabric bag, previously abundantly moistened with water. In cold weather, the bags are heated near the battery so that they are constantly warm. It is important that the air temperature in the room where the seeds will be located does not fall below twenty degrees.

Warming up of cucumber seeds is very important, as this increases their resistance to various diseases.

Selection of seeds for sowing cucumbers

It is best to buy seeds in advance, for example, in autumn or winter. When choosing material for planting, need to pay attention to such properties,:

  • Terms of fruit ripening,
  • Conditions in which it is preferable to grow a particular variety
  • Resistance to various adverse conditions
  • Compliance with the climatic conditions of a particular landing area.

How to plant cucumbers correctly, you can find out by studying the special literature on this issue. Labels of seed packets can also help in this. Basic information is written on them. Cucumber seeds may vary by varietal and hybrid. The latter are much more resistant to pests and various diseases. The list of hybrid varieties is very large and every gardener will be able to choose for himself exactly what he needs.

Planting cucumbers in the ground

In order to grow a good crop of cucumbers, you must follow some rules:

  • Dig a hole or a trench that is about forty centimeters deep,
  • Put a special soil on the bottom of the bed, which will consist of organic matter - manure or humus,
  • Mix organic matter with soil,
  • Top with a small layer of soil without fertilizers,
  • Plant cucumbers.

In order for cucumbers to grow well, it is necessary to choose the right place. It should be a well-lit area, but also well protected from the wind. Perhaps one side will be purged, but no more. You can plant cucumber seeds only in a moist soil to speed up the process. It is possible to plant any tall crops, for example, corn, as a living fence near the cucumber beds.

Types of growing cucumbers are:

Horizontal - planted so that the loops of cucumber spread along the ground. Round beds are well suited for this type of planting. Cucumbers should be planted at a distance of at least thirty centimeters from each other,

Vertical - cucumbers trudge on special grids, which are stretched in the form of barriers. This net, along with the cucumber shoots, should be completely illuminated by sunlight.

For this type of growing cucumbers, they use planting in long narrow beds, which should be located at a distance of half a meter from each other. It is also important to maintain the distance between the plants, not less than ten centimeters.

Soil preparation and fertilization

In order to successfully grow cucumbers at the dacha, it is important to carry out systematic feeding of soil. Basic fertilizer is best applied in the fall, before the onset of frost. The rest is made in the spring before planting seeds in the ground.

For every ten square meters, you need to make about a hundred kilograms of manure or four hundred grams of superphosphate. It is necessary to make large wells for planting cucumber seeds, later after filling the required amount of fertilizers, they will become much smaller, as required by the rules. Digging holes must be at a depth of about ten centimeters, since this is quite enough for the germination of cucumber crops.

By following these rules, an ideal environment for planting cucumber seeds will be created.

Conditions for high yield

In order to get the fruits of the best quality, you must follow some rules:

  • Do not allow drafts in the greenhouse. It is best to prevent open windows in the greenhouse, they should open only if there is a constant temperature of about thirty degrees outside.
  • It is necessary to prevent overmoistening of the soil, as this may adversely affect the roots of the plant,
  • It is necessary to plant the plants at a sufficient distance from each other,
  • It is necessary to shape the growth direction of cucumber shoots,
  • In time to remove the fruit, avoiding depletion of cucumber bushes.

In order to get a high yield of cucumbers indoors, no special skills are required. The main thing is to have a great desire to fulfill the goal set and go towards its fulfillment. Answers to the question of how to plant cucumbers, the seeds of which were bought in advance and germinated, can be found in specialized literature. It is important to know the rules of gardening to get a big harvest. How to sprout cucumber seeds, every gardener who has been engaged in gardening for several years knows.

Sowing seeds

You can sow dry and germinated seeds. Germinated seeds should only be nakluvshimisya. Seeds with long (more than 0.5 cm) sprouts are rejected as a weakened plant will grow from them.

If cucumbers are not grown by seedlings, then you can sow dry seeds or planted in a prepared greenhouse or ridge on May 17 or 21.

Seeds sow flat. It is advisable to make early sowing with dry seeds, since they may rot in insufficiently heated soil. Sowing is desirable when the air warms up to + 15 °, and the soil is up to + 12 ° and stable.

The distance between plants is 15–20 cm, between rows 35–40 cm. Thickened crops should be thinned in phase 2–3 true leaves, but not pulling out, but breaking out extra plants.

Seeds are sown in grooves to a depth of 2–3 cm in a row or planted in holes 20 cm in each. In each well there are three plants at a distance of 10 cm from each other in the form of a triangle. Cucumbers do not tolerate thickened plantings: in this case, they have poorly developed lateral fruiting whips. After thinning the distance between plants is at least 30 cm.

In a greenhouse 150 cm wide for 1 running m plant 6 to 8 plants.

Cucumber grows well and bears fruits on slightly acidic and neutral soils pH 6.5 - 7.

Before germination, water is watered daily with warm water in the middle of the day. Then watering is carried out in 1 - 2 days. On cold days do not water.

Growing seedlings

With the seedling method, cucumbers can be obtained 15 days earlier, which increases the period of fruiting and yield. Seedlings are grown for 20-25 days in a greenhouse or on a well-lit window sill. It is necessary to sow so that the distance between plants is 8 × 8 or 10 × 10 cm, the root system is not disturbed when transplanted into the ground, and it is even better to sow right away in pots, bags, paper cups.

A layer of sawdust of 2 cm is placed in the pot at the bottom, then a layer of nutrient earth 5–7 cm, not reaching the top edge 2–3 cm. In a layer 5–7 cm deep, seedlings develop many side lobes and become squat and hardy. Nutrient mixture: humus and peat 1: 1. On a bucket of a mixture of ф cup of superphosphate and 2 cups of wood ash. Sow one seed in each pot. Sow seedlings well April 20 - 25. Watered before germination daily.

Seedings will appear on the 4th - 5th day and are ready for planting in 10 days. Planting can begin with the appearance of the first true leaf and no later than 4–5 true leaves.

Transplantation is carried out when the daytime temperature is + 22 + 25 °, at night + 17 + 18 °. A week before planting, the seedlings are hardened, gradually reducing the temperature to the conditions in which it will grow further. Cucumbers are very demanding to heat, light and moisture.

Transplanted in the evening, must always be watered.

Growing cucumbers

It is possible to grow cucumbers in both seedling and seedless ways. They are hypersensitive to cold, and good seed germination depends on the temperature of the soil - it should be at least +14 ° C.

You can grow cucumbers as a seedling method, and sowing directly into the ground

Cucumbers can be successfully grown on various soil types with sufficient aeration and drainage, although they grow best on light and rich in humus. The experience of many gardeners has shown that they respond well to the introduction of various organic fertilizers that improve the structure of the soil. You should not grow cucumbers in one place more often than once in 5 years, otherwise they will be highly susceptible to disease. The best predecessors: corn, tomatoes, peas and early potatoes. When growing cucumbers, they must be regularly supplied with various nutrients.

Sowing and planting cucumber seedlings

The best soil will be a mixture: 1 part sawdust, humus, peat and sod land (1: 1: 1: 1). But, as we have said, practically any land is suitable for growing cucumbers.

Practically any land is suitable for growing cucumbers.

Forming the beds, we water them with a solution: 10 liters of hot (+80 ° C. +90 ° C) water + 1 tea. spoon of copper sulphate, spend about 3 liters per 1 m², and leave for a day. On the day of planting cucumber seedlings or sowing seeds on ridges, we make holes, which are about 4 cm deep, with a distance of about 60 cm from each other. We put the seeds in the wells, sprinkle them on top with soil and water, and plant the seedlings vertically.

Cucumber care

Cucumber beds should always be clean from weeds. During the first 3 weeks, while the plants are small, carefully loosen the soil to a depth of 2-4 cm. In the future, loosening should be carried out at least once a week.

During the growth and formation of fruits cucumbers need much water. To obtain the highest yield, irrigate using warm water: before flowering - every 6-8 days, during fruiting - every 3-4 days.

So it is impossible to water cucumbers: water should fall on the soil, not on the plants

If the water is badly seeping, make forks between the rows with forks, such loosening will not disturb the root system of the plants. It is impossible to water cucumbers with a strong stream from a hose., you only need to water the soil, not the plants themselves.

Top dressing of cucumbers

If you grow cucumbers in the greenhouse, fertilizing should be carried out 5 times per season - organic and mineral fertilizers.

Cucumbers need regular feedings

  • For the first time, we feed cucumbers at the beginning of their flowering with the following solution: add 1 tea-tea to 10 liters of water. Spoon urea, potassium sulfate and superphosphate, mix and add a glass of mushy mullein. Instead of a glass of mullein, you can take 1 table. spoon of sodium humate.

  • During the period of fruit bearing, cucumbers grown in open ground should be fed about 4 times. The first dressing is produced with a solution consisting of 10 liters of water, a table. spoon nitrofoski and a glass of mushy chicken manure. And all the following - so: to 10 liters of water, add 1 tsp. a spoonful of potassium sulfate and 0.5 liters of mullein, 4-6 liters of solution will be needed for 1 m². If there is no litter and mullein, it is easy to replace them with the compositions “Wage earner”, “Fertility”, “Ideal” (they all belong to natural humic fertilizers) or simply sodium humate.

The process of feeding cucumbers in the open ground is shown in the following video:

Caring for cucumbers is and in tying shoots plants that need to be carried out regularly - as they grow.

After the formation of 6-7 leaves the main stem of the cucumber is necessary pinch, by this you stimulate the branching of the plant and increase the yield.

Do not forget about the regular collection of fruits (2-3 times a week), it will contribute to a more abundant fruit formation.

Open Field Cucumber Hybrids

Varieties and hybrids of cucumbers every year becomes more and more. At the same time, their composition is significantly updated annually - preference is given to the earliest, well-fructifying, relatively resistant to various diseases.

Open Field Cucumber Hybrids

Remember that all F1 hybrids do not retain their unique properties in the second generation, that is, there is no point in collecting seeds.

Mid-season fruitful bee-pollinating hybrid with a predominantly female type of flowering, relatively cold-resistant, extremely resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew as well as olive spotting. Grow cucumbers 'Farmer F1' in protected and open ground. Zelenitsa fruit reaches 12 cm. The peculiarity of this hybrid lies in the intensive growth of the main whip and the rapid emergence of lateral shoots, with the growth of which comes the peak of mass fruiting.

A uniquely early hybrid: the ripening of small tuberous fruits begins as early as 45 days after sprouting.

Cucumbers without bitterness are ideal for fresh consumption

Othello F1 crispy cucumbers are distinguished by a pleasant taste (even over-ripe fruits remain sweetish), genetically devoid of bitterness. Fruits can maintain excellent taste and presentation for a long time. Resistant to powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, downy mildew and cladosporia. The hybrid is cultivated not only in the open field, but also in greenhouses, as well as with the use of temporary film shelters.

Medium early hybrid. Used for growing under temporary film shelters and also in open ground. Variety is prone to parthenocarpy, sufficiently resistant to viruses of cucumber mosaic, root rot, pathogens of powdery mildew (real) and cladosporia. The graceful fruits are also devoid of bitterness and differ in excellent taste, ripening as early as 50-55 days after germination.

'Leandro F1'

A rather early and high-yielding hybrid, resistant to stressful conditions and various diseases. Distinctive feminine type of flowering, so good fruit. Cucumbers with large bumps are great for salting.

Early ripe hybrid. Due to the predominantly female type of flowering has high yields. Equally superstable to stressful conditions and diseases. Recommended for cultivation in tunnels and open ground. Fruits - dense pimply cucumbers are characterized by high pickling qualities: they lack bitterness, with small seed chambers. Many growers consider it the best hybrid for canning.

Dense bumpy cucumbers are good for pickles

In addition to the above, are good for growing in open ground and such varieties of cucumbers, such as:

  • 'Paris gherkin',
  • 'Crane',
  • 'Desdemona',
  • 'Moscow gherkin'.

Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground

To make it easier to choose hybrids by quality, we divided them into two groups.

Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground

In the first place bee-pollinated: to obtain the fruit will require pollination by insects.

'Octopus F1'

Yield fast-ripening hybrid of the gherkin type. Cylindrical fruits are dark green, spinous, absolutely devoid of bitterness, reach a length of 5-10 cm.

Bee pollinated hybrids need pollinating insects

'Octopus F1' is resistant to bacteriosis, cladosporia and is relatively resistant to root rot and downy mildew.

'Spring F1'

Mid-season hybrid. The length of the main whip is about 3 m, with medium branching. Fruits are cylindrical, with a smooth base, slightly ugly, without bitterness. In one bundle, 3-4 fruits are simultaneously formed, the mass of the greens reaches 100 g.

Early hybrid, partially parthenocarpic. Fruiting occurs already at 45-50 days after shoots appeared. The fruits are cylindrical, rarely tuberous, without bitterness, 13-25 cm long. Up to 25 kg of cucumbers are removed from 1 m².

Parthenocarpic hybrids have got into the second section, which set fruits without insects.

'King F1'

Early: fruiting occurs already at 43-55 days after mass shoots. Cereals are large-celled, cylindrical in shape, 20-22 cm long, weighing 150-190 g. Excellent taste (without bitterness), suitable for both fresh use and canning. It is characterized by complex resistance to ascochytosis, powdery mildew, brown spot and peronospora.

'Prestige F1'

Self-pollinating early super-productive hybrid. With the right agrotechnology with 1 m², you can get over 25 kg of gherkins of excellent quality: the fruits are not bitter, they are stored for a long time.

Partenocarpic hybrids do not need to be pollinated by insects.

It is characterized by a long period of fruiting, in addition, it is resistant to diseases, and also tolerates stressful conditions quite easily. Gives the most stable yields under film. It can grow well not only in the open field, but also on the balcony or window sill.

Recently bred early self-pollinating hybrid. It differs mainly in female type of flowering, that is, it gives a lot of cucumbers: the fruits are finely foamed, with elastic flesh. Resistant to 'Patti F1' and to various diseases.

Salad-type cucumbers are best for salads

Always gentle, sweet. With thin skinned. Идеальны для салата. Прекрасны малосольные. Неприхотливы, урожайны. Для засолки не годятся – обычно получаются мягкими, без хруста. Плодоношение длительное.They are also called cucumbers in the "Asian shirt". All Chinese varieties and hybrids belong to the salad. These include such as "Chinese snakes", "Chinese heat-resistant F1", "Emerald flow F1", many, many others.

Black cucumbers - the best for pickling

These are mainly Russian varieties or hybrids. They are excellent in salting. The brine gradually penetrates through the rare hillocks, the dense flesh does not soften. The main thing with such a salt is the time duration, low constant temperature. No others are suitable for cold pickling. Only these. That is, varieties with rarely spaced black spikes. These include such as “Zasolochny”, “Aquarius”, hybrids “Nightingale F1”, “Real Colonel F1”, “Liliput F1”, many others.

Dutch cucumber hybrids, beam

Their distinctive features - they have small fruits, mids of medium size, with spikes, which are located more often than in Russian varieties. This type of skin is called the “Dutch shirt”. They have a bouquet of flowering - sometimes up to 10 ovaries have one bunch, they bear fruit for a long time. Bundle cucumbers are good for pickling. Harvesting can be started no later than they reach a length of 5-7 cm. Experts advise to add as much seasoning as possible when pickling them. Overgrown fruits become hard, hard, tasteless. The cucumbers of this type include, for example, hybrids "Eco F1", "Temp F1", "Herman F1", and others.

German varieties and hybrids of the cornish type

They are distinguished from other species by small tuberculosis - the entire surface is covered with small tubercles with spikes that are located so close to each other that the fruit appears to be fluffy. Cabbage leaves are small, dark green. When washing the fruit, the thorns are destroyed, the tubules are obtained, through which the marinade quickly, evenly penetrates the inside of the fruit. When marinating, the amount of seasoning can be reduced, and the tips can not be cut. These cucumbers are also good in salads. The best of them are “Graceful” varieties, hybrids “Othello F1”, “Libelle F1”, “Adam F1”, others.

More cucumbers are classified

  • in relation to the light (shade-tolerant and light-loving),
  • by the presence of parthenocarpy,
  • by the nature of the branching of plants (active, limited, weak).
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Cucumber Growing Tips, Cucumber Moon Calendar

It is believed that when planning summer work, you should pay attention to tips from the lunar calendar, to know the numbers that are favorable for planting and caring for plants, so that your work is not in vain. Cucumbers, like other crops, should be planted during the growing moon. The nutrients supplied to the plants at this time act as efficiently and beneficially as possible. For the care of cucumbers, namely: hilling, weeding, feeding with nutritious mixtures and pest control, a full moon period is suitable, and on a new moon it is worthwhile to do only watering and weed-freeing. The optimal age of cucumber seedlings is 25 days, it is convenient to cook it in containers so as not to damage their roots when planting.

Cucumbers - plants are very thermophilic. And those who grow these familiar vegetables should always remember this. The best growth and intensive development occurs only if the soil temperature is not lower than +15. The root system of cucumber is particularly sensitive to temperature. Assimilating ability of roots intensively works at temperatures from +20 to +30, and if the temperature drops below +15, growth processes stop: there is no absorption of water and nutrient solutions, a physiological drought occurs, and the plant dies after some time. The root system of cucumber is designed so that it is well absorbed nutrients only from solutions of low concentration.

Remember that, feeding plants slurry, it is diluted with water twice as much as usual.

For the cultivation of cucumbers choose the brightest place. It is advisable to make the bed high so that various waste can be laid down: grass, dry leaves, manure, compost. In this case, the ground will be heated additionally from below. A layer of earth in the garden is filled with a thickness of 20-25 cm. In the northern regions, such warmed beds are made on fresh manure.

Methods of growing cucumbers in the open ground

Cucumber - a culture that loves space, but is afraid of drafts. If you plant them in a shaded area, then it will be better for the cucumbers to grow vertically. They can be tied up on a trellis or tighten a nylon mesh on the stakes driven into the ground. This method will help avoid the appearance of powdery mildew on cucumbers, and harvesting is more convenient. In addition, cucumbers on the grid bear fruit for 2-3 weeks longer. Cucumbers that are planted on a sunny plot should be watered more often, but not with cold water, otherwise bitterness may occur. The optimum water temperature is no more than 27 degrees.

A simple iron barrel device that some gardeners use in their plots creates excellent temperature conditions for the roots.

The bottom of the barrel is loaded with debris, a layer of nutritious earth 30-40 cm high is poured on it. To create optimal moisture, a cap of film is put on the barrel, for this, 4 meter-and-half slats are placed at the edges of the barrel.

The second "greenhouse", which requires the presence of a metal or wooden barrel, is even easier.

Drill a barrel a little to make it easier to work with plants. Fill the lower half of it with any debris, crushed branches, sawdust, etc. From above, fill the nutritious earth with the addition of humus and peat. Arrange five holes around the circumference and one in the center. Sow in them two seeds in order to further leave one plant - stronger and healthier. Set six high stakes corresponding to the wells. They will serve as a support for cucumber lashes, and for the cap of the film. The cap is put on the stakes and tied with an elastic band on the barrel. On it cut a pocket with the valve.

- on hot days, the barrel can heat up under the sun, so it will need to shade or curtain with a damp cloth,

- Ants can start there.

You can install the simplest greenhouse - on the arcs. When caring for plants, be careful. Water cucumbers from a hose so that water flows onto plants by gravity, without pressure, in order to avoid soil erosion.

And the main rule for a good harvest: always water cucumbers with warm water!

The best varieties of cucumbers for open ground and greenhouses

Preferences for cucumber varieties from each amateur gardener their own. If they are grown for sale, it is better to choose cucumber hybrids. They are distinguished by high yield and transportability, thicker skin. New hybrid varieties of cucumbers - “Levadny F1", "Angelina F1", "Athena F1", "Farbio F1", Russian varieties - "Nightingale F1", "Blue Duck F1", "Zhuravlenok F1", "Swallow". Hybrid varieties are distinguished by long-term fruit formation, they are less susceptible to diseases, suitable for cultivation on the balcony, in greenhouses and in open ground, but these new items are inferior in taste, do not have fragrant aroma of ordinary varieties. Fans of fragrant varieties prefer the legendary "Nezhinsky" cucumber. Its incomparable taste is known, it is ideal for salting.

So that the cucumber harvest does not stop during the summer, they should be planted at intervals of 8–10 days. The first sowing is done at a soil temperature of 15 to 18 degrees. To increase yield, they pinch the points of growth of cucumbers in the phase of 3-4 leaves. This gives the rapid formation of lateral shoots. It is possible to protect plants from the disease of peronosporoza (downy mildew) by introducing biologics into the soil. Cucumbers do not like high doses of drugs. It is better to alternate types of dressings and make them often and gradually. Fertilize cucumbers should be during watering, making dressing in the grooves and sprinkle with earth. From natural feedings suitable chicken droppings. Cucumber loves water, however, at the beginning of flowering it is necessary to reduce watering, and after a while it is again actively watered. This will increase the formation of fruits. In case of heat, besides watering, it is also useful to spray the plants so that the cucumber pollen does not die.

How to choose seeds to get a rich harvest?

To prepare for the purchase of seeds must be in advance, preferably in the fall or early winter. Naturally, I want the cucumbers to be fragrant, with small seeds, without bitterness and with thin skin - they are much tastier to use in the form of salads, and just like that. For this you need to take into account several important factors:

  • Maturing terms, as there are early-ripening, mid-ripening and late varieties,
  • There are cucumbers for sourdough, for salting and for fresh use,
  • Consider the conditions for growing vegetables: in the open field, in the greenhouse, on “warm” beds,
  • Hybrid and varietal seeds differ, the first of them is much more resistant to diseases, pests, temperature changes,
  • Resistance to heavy rainfall or, conversely, the need to create "greenhouse" conditions: dryness and constant access to sunlight,
  • Choose them depending on the area where your cottage is located.

Hybrid and fruitful seeds of open cucumber

Gardeners and gardeners are advised to purchase seeds of hybrid varieties, because they are considered to be the most resistant to most of the negative factors that can cause diseases, lead to crop loss and even death of the whole plant. The list, in fact, is huge, but we will tell you about the most popular and "tasty" seeds.

  • The most famous include ultra-early variety Masha F1, which is able to easily "confront" adverse conditions and many diseases. Suitable for fresh consumption, and for canning,
  • By ultrafast and include grade Herman F1, characterized by high yield. Tolerates a variety of stressful situations, sudden changes in temperature and various diseases,
  • Sort Zyatek F1 allows you to get from one bush about eight kilograms of cucumbers, while acquiring these seeds, you forget about plant diseases,
  • Delicious fruits up to 12 cm in size are obtained when planting seeds F1 ant. They are characterized by rapid ripeness, as well as complete immunity to many pests, including diseases such as powdery mildew and olive blotch,
  • Sort Springwell F1 became a real legend of gardeners, thanks to the high taste of fruits, the ability to salt and preserve cucumbers. Pleases and the presence of immunity to many diseases that can completely destroy the plant,
  • Another favorite variety is Libelle F1, which gives consistently high yields, while fruits can reach 14 cm.

It is impossible not to note the old, but not lost its relevance varieties, suitable for salting and fresh consumption: Competitor, Graceful, Variety Vyaznikovsky and Monastic. It's hard enough to find other varieties that can compete with them in taste.

Preparation of cucumber seeds for sowing

The germination of cucumber seeds depends largely on how you prepare them for planting. After all, if you do not take care of the seeds, there is a high risk of either growing a diseased plant with small and ugly fruits, or wondering why the bed with planted cucumbers remained empty.. That is why, before answering the question how to plant cucumbers with seeds, we will tell you about the competent preparation of seedlings. Rules of preparation:

  1. We select large-sized seeds, which, more often than not, are healthier and stronger for combating diseases,
  2. Next, you need to disinfect the seedlings. To do this, we take a solution of potassium permanganate (for 0.5 l of water and 1 g of powder), in which we disinfect the seeds for 15-20 minutes. Do not forget to rinse them thoroughly after the procedure.
  3. The obtained seeds are placed in small bags of cloth and soaked for 12 hours in a nutrient solution (a teaspoon of nitrophoska per liter of water). After that, wash them under running water and spread on a piece of damp cloth for several days. The main thing is that the temperature does not fall below + 23 ° C. Make sure that the seeds are a little proklynulis, but not germinated.

Characteristics of "home" cucumbers

In order to enjoy the year’s own harvest of greens all year round, it is necessary to familiarize yourself in advance with what varieties of cucumbers exist for growing on a windowsill. They must have a different set of qualities than those that are sown in greenhouses or in open ground:

  • First, it must be self-pollinated hybrids, so as not to waste time on manual pollination.
  • Secondly, it is desirable that the plant was shade-loving, since not every window is suitable for it. In order not to additionally illuminate the lamps in the winter, it is better to look in advance on the varieties of cucumbers for growing on the windowsill, which easily tolerate a lack of light.

  • Thirdly, it is preferable to purchase a frost-resistant variety, especially for planting on a balcony or loggia, where there is no additional heating.

If earlier cucumber varieties for growing on the windowsill of the house consisted of only one type - “Rytov's room”, today there are dozens of them. It is important to assess the conditions in which the vegetable will grow, and, on the basis of them, to purchase the most suitable one, the benefit all manufacturers indicate on the packaging.

Cucumbers for window sill

For many "home gardeners", the primary task is a high yield. In fact, it is more important that the plant grows strong and healthy in a balcony or window, then fruit picking will be a pleasant event. To date, recognized as the best varieties of cucumbers for growing on the windowsill:

  • “Prestige f1” is a parthenocarpic species that gives fruit for a very long period. The first Zelentsy can be harvested already 40 days after the seedling. Cucumbers are 6-8 cm in length and have excellent taste.
  • “Masha f1” is a very early appearance, giving fruit on the 35–40th day. Also from the category of "varieties of cucumbers for growing on the windowsill." Care of him allows you to achieve the formation of up to 7 Zelentsov on one brush. Fruits are dark green with excellent taste.
  • "Ant f1" - one of the most fruitful types of cucumbers. It is also parthenocarpic, ripens in bunches, in each of which up to 7 fruits are formed.
  • "Balcony" - a universal variety, yields a harvest on the 41st day after seed germination. Relatively cold-resistant, which makes it the best contender for growing on a glazed balcony. Productivity - up to 10 kg / m2.

When buying cucumber varieties for cultivation on a windowsill, be sure to check that this property is indicated on the packaging. Also, all its qualities should be stated there - from the yield and ripening terms to the conditions for their ripening.

Selection of tanks

Cucumbers love space, even when growing in the garden, so you should take care of the container for them in advance. When choosing a container, it should be taken into account that the optimum volume for one plant is 5 liters. These can be single ceramic pots or a one-piece long plastic container.

Some "home gardeners" adapt plastic five-liter water bottles, after cutting off their neck. You can also use heavy plastic bags if there is no other container at hand.

Some nuances should be taken into account when choosing a suitable container for any kind of cucumber for cultivation on a window sill. The peculiarities of this plant are that it does not tolerate both dryness of the earth and stagnation of water, therefore there must be holes in the tank for its flow.

If you fit under the "garden" boxes, they must first be covered with a dense cellophane, making holes at the bottom. Any of these containers will fit to grow and harvest a good crop of cucumbers.

With self-regulation branching

What is interesting about this subtype? I think these cucumbers are the best for those summer residents who do not have the opportunity to often come to the country. That is, you have harvested, we have watered everything - left for a week. While you are absent, they grow to a certain size, that is, practically, they do not outgrow, they themselves limit the growth of shoots, the growth of fruits. The best of them are hybrids - Buyan .F1, Finger boy F1, Matryoshka F1, Farmer F1, Maryina Grove F1, Chistye Prudy F1.

With moderate branching side shoots

They can be grown on vertical trellis. These are long term fruiting hybrids. Good for growing in greenhouses, as it will not be all its braiding their shoots. The Ant F1, Grasshopper F1, Mazai F1 are very popular. This is the best of cucumbers with moderate branching shoots.

With weak branching side shoots

Weak branching does not mean any drawback. These are the earliest cucumbers, and for some it is the best, important criterion - the harvest can be gathered in a month. On 1 sq. M can be placed up to 6 plants. It is best to plant them in a greenhouse, on a warm garden bed. These include hybrids Cupid F1, Bouquet F1, Regina-Plus F1.

With active branching

These are varieties with powerful whips. It is better to grow them in open ground, instead of on the trellis. The best of the harvest cucumbers of this type - Phoenix, Phoenix-640.

I hope this article will help you understand the many varieties or hybrids, their types. And when you buy seeds, you will already know exactly what information on the bag of seeds you should pay attention to, what to plant, what to expect from the future harvest.

Я теперь всегда знаю, какие огурцы буду покупать. Названий заранее не знаю. Но знаю, с какими качествами мне нужны растения.

Например, я знаю, что мне нужен сорт или гибрид для открытого грунта для выращивания врастил. Этими качествами обладают огурцы с активным ветвлением Феникс, или Феникс Плюс, или Феникс 640.

Мне обязательно хочется иметь огурцы самоопыляемые партенокарпические, очень ранние для теплицы. These requirements correspond to the hybrid Masha F1. The harvest is always high, the cucumbers are tied with a bunch. Good in salads, in preservation, small size. I don’t really like that this hybrid with moderate branching of side shoots, therefore, requires forming. But the amount of the crop, high taste, resistance to the most common diseases more than cover this drawback. Actually, this is not a disadvantage, this property simply requires increased attention during growth and the formation of shoots. In addition, it is very important that this hybrid is practically not susceptible to the most dangerous cucumber diseases - cladoosporia, cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, and is relatively resistant to downy mildew.

For me, these are the best varieties of cucumbers - we have been planting for years already. Plus, I also choose an additional one or two varieties, a hybrid. Be sure to pay attention to the appointment (lettuce, pickling, universal), the maturation period (early or not), resistance to diseases, the ability to pollinate (self-pollinating, bee pollinating), type of branching.

Soil preparation

For those who do not want to spend time preparing the soil mix, ready-made, which is sold in specialized stores, is suitable. Those who want to personally participate in the process from beginning to end, experienced gardeners recommend creating a ground with their own hands. This will require:

  • 1 part of garden or turf land,
  • compost - part 1,
  • sand - 1/5 part,
  • sawdust - 1/5,
  • wood ash - 1/5.

So that the soil does not harm the plants, it should be calcined, for which you can use an ordinary oven. Ready and mixed soil is poured in a baking tray with a layer of up to 5 cm and placed for 20-30 minutes in an oven heated to 100-110 degrees.

After roasting, the soil must be fertilized, for which it is sufficient to add mineral fertilizers for pumpkin volumes in a couple of matchboxes. You can purchase special supplements for cucumbers. The finished soil is packaged in five-liter containers and carefully watered a day before sowing seeds. Whatever cucumber varieties are used for cultivation on the windowsill, the soil preparation is the same.

Choosing a place

An important role in a good harvest is played by exactly where the cucumbers will grow. This plant loves sunlight and heat, so either it will be windows or a balcony on the south side, or a window sill warmed and fitted with phyto or luminescent lamps from the other side.

It must be remembered that the usual variety of cucumbers take up to 12 hours of light for the seedlings to grow evenly. Especially it concerns the period from November to the end of January. If the seeds are specially bred as shade-loving, then this period can be shortened.

It is very important that the plant is not exposed to drafts when airing. It is necessary that the frame does not allow cold air. Some gardeners even with high-quality glazing use additional insulation or stretch a plastic film between the plant and the window frame. It is quite good sunlight passes, but it saves from the cold.

Each vegetable grower has small tricks that help the plant become strong and healthy (for example, using mirrors or foils to reflect the sun's rays and increase lighting). It is also advisable not to put the pot directly on the window sill, but rather to put a layer of foam plastic under it or just wooden blocks. This is an additional measure to protect cucumbers from the cold.

Seedling care

In order to collect from 10 to 25 Zelentsovo from each plant daily, he should provide appropriate care. For this:

  • watering should be carried out daily, but it is necessary to ensure that water does not stagnate,

  • it is necessary to provide the plant with adequate moisture, for which it is enough to spray it from the sprayer 1-2 times a day,
  • If the plant is under artificial lighting, then watering can be done in the morning and evening.

To save time, some gardeners put pallets with gravel under the seedlings, where water is poured. This contributes to the constant moisture of the soil and air. In summer, the soil should be constantly wet, and in winter you can reduce watering, but humidity should be monitored at any time of the year.

To be healthy varieties of cucumbers for growing on the windowsill and fruit picking has become a real holiday, they need to be fed qualitatively. To do this, 2 weeks after emergence, the first mineral solution is required to be made and applied:

  • to 3 liters of water add 2 tsp. mineral fertilizer for cucumbers or pumpkin crops, watering at the rate of 1-2 cups per 1 plant during growth and 3-4 during fruiting.
  • To prolong the life of the plant, it is recommended to water it once every 2-3 weeks with a solution of 1 cap of “Growth” in 2 liters of water.

A good help is the addition of fresh biohumus every 3-4 weeks.

Vine Formation

In order for the stem of the plant to grow strong and bear fruit, the first pinching of the top is carried out when 4-5 leaflets appear. This "provokes" the lateral branches to grow. When they give up their shoots, the pinching is done on the third or fifth leaf. Whiskers should also be removed, ensuring that no rot appears in their place.

When the main vine starts to rise, it should be tied up, for which you can insert sticks of 1 m length directly into the containers with the plant or pull the fishing line along the window. Liana need to pinch over the 11th or 12th sheet. When fruiting begins, it is necessary to ensure that the greens do not overripe. The more often the fruits are broken, the higher the yield.

Sowing cucumbers in winter

The main feature of any variety of cucumbers for growing in the winter on the windowsill is the need for additional lighting. It is better if special fitolamps are used for this. The rest of the conditions of care are simple:

  • moderate watering
  • increased air humidity, for which it is better to use containers with water or spray plants several times a day,
  • timely formation of the bush,
  • daily harvest during the fruiting period.

Cucumbers need feeding in the winter no less than at other times of the year. The size of the crop directly depends on this. If the plant is “undernourished”, then it will prompt it with slow growth and yellowed greens.

Sowing seeds can be carried out in any month, but at the same time take into account the temperature and illumination of the selected place. Since cucumbers can yield in 4-5 weeks, their planting depends only on the preferences of the host. For example, this can be done 5-6 weeks before the New Year holidays, in order to please the guests with a salad of fresh cucumbers.

How to grow cucumbers in winter: requirements for growing conditions

The main one is the lighting. In December and January, long-term illumination with the use of fluorescent or helium lamps will be required. And from the end of February, the appropriate time for planting cucumbers begins. Choose a better window facing south or southeast.

Someone might argue that this plant is shade-loving. But this condition applies to summer when there is plenty of sunshine outside. In winter, and even on the windowsill, the light will obviously not be enough.

Another requirement is the intolerance of culture to drafts. Therefore it is necessary to ensure that the frames are securely closed.

The next moment is determined by the air temperature in the room. Cucumbers do not grow if it becomes below 16 degrees. The optimum temperature is 20 ºС.

And the last requirement - humidity. In winter, under the windows, the batteries are hot. They dry the air. And cucumbers need quite high humidity. It can be provided with a wet towel covering the batteries.

Cucumbers on the windowsill in winter the best varieties

Stop is on those varieties of cucumbers, which are characterized by increased resistance to temperature extremes. They should grow well in the shade. And most importantly, to be self-pollinating (parthenocapic).

  1. Schedryk. Cucumbers of this variety have a fruit length of about 12 cm. They can grow up to twenty pieces. Pickles ripen in six weeks after emergence.
  2. Masha F1 will be pleased with the harvest within 40 days after germination. They are cast by a large brush: in one ovary there can be up to 7 of them. At the same time, cucumbers rarely grow longer than 10 cm.
  3. The Onega F1 is a self-pollinating hybrid whose cucumbers are of medium size.
  4. Crunch is considered one of the most fruitful varieties of cucumbers for the window sill. It manages to collect up to 45 fruits. A feature of the bush is a strong growth of the bush. Therefore, it will need a lot of space and support for long branches.
  5. Emelya F1 strikes with high resistance to lowering the temperature. Cucumbers of this variety grow quite large: weighing about 150 grams. Fruits ripen on 40-50 days after germination.
  6. Miracle on the window F1 grows up to 8 cm in length. Despite this, the total weight of the crop is large.
  7. According to Shchuchiyu Veleniyu it is characterized by weak branching.

You can listen to tips on choosing a variety for growing cucumbers in the winter on the windowsill or cucumbers on the balcony. Most importantly, you need to pay attention to the description of cucumber varieties so that the side shoots do not develop much, the shoots are not very tall, they do not branch very much. The varieties of cucumbers for the windowsill were hardy to shade.

Cucumbers on the windowsill in winter: the choice of capacity and soil

To get a good crop of cucumbers on the windowsill in winter, you need to choose the right container for growing. The main requirement for a pot for cucumbers: the volume for one plant must be at least five liters. These can be separate containers (flower pots or bottles of water) or common to two or three plants (a long and tall wooden box). Only in all of them must be provided for holes in the bottom. Since cucumbers do not like the accumulation of excess moisture. Another option is to plant in a bag of earth and put it on a tray, making holes at the bottom for drainage. When planting in the balcony box does not need to plant them closely, no more than 2 plants in one box.

Now it is necessary to pour nutrient soil into prepared containers. It can be prepared from a mixture of vegetable soil, humus and peat.

It is necessary to take them in relation to 4 liters of land of one liter of the last two elements. But you can buy ready-made composition in the store. It is necessary to fill in the ground so that 3-4 centimeters are left from the top of the edges.

How to grow cucumber on the windowsill in winter

To begin with, it is recommended to germinate seeds. This will ensure that all planted take root. Then put them in prepared containers immediately to a permanent place. Seedlings do not need to replant. This will allow not to waste time on the adaptation of the plant in a new place.

Cucumber seeds to water. Then cover the floor with liter cans. They will provide plants with a greenhouse effect. Remove the banks can be after the cucumbers go to growth.

Sometimes it is recommended to plant a row of up to three seeds. This precaution makes it possible to choose the strongest plant at the very early stage of growth, and remove the rest.

In how to grow cucumbers on the windowsill, you need to follow a few tips.

  • Think over and prepare the system of supports in advance. They can be pegs, twine, thick nylon thread.
  • After a 5-6 leaf pinch the plant.
  • All side shoots shorten after the second leaf appears on them.
  • Feed cucumbers during the growth of the whips every two weeks. From the moment fruit growth begins, this time should be reduced to 10 days.

There is not a single person who would not like such a dish as a cucumber-based salad. It is especially nice if the growing of greens was carried out step by step on the window sill or on the balcony with his own hands. There is such a category of gardeners, which is not limited to the cultivation of tasty and healthy fruits in dacha beds, balcony cucumber - the pride of any specialist.

Is it possible to dream of growing cucumbers on the windowsill or on the balcony

Cucumbers on the windowsill

To many novice gardeners, it may seem impossible to grow cucumbers on a windowsill, but this is quite realistic. Of course, you will have to work hard to get a harvest, but for those who like to show their talent in agricultural technology, this process is a real pleasure. In addition, such an activity can become a family hobby.
There are no restrictions on the landing dates. But planting is one thing, and caring is to follow a step-by-step plan of measures, especially in winter, is quite another. Conditions for success - installation near an improvised bed of a lamp with daylight from November to February, proper watering, attention to flowering, pinching and garter. Insufficient illumination negatively affects the growing season.

Due to the lack of boundaries in terms of planting and removing the fruit can be at any time of the year.

The best varieties that can be grown on the windowsill

In the abundance of varieties easy to get confused

The main rule, how to grow greens in the room, is the correct choice of seeds. What grade to use for planting? If we take for cultivation the first variety that came to hand, the development of seedlings will be slowed down, which most likely will lead to the death of the seedling.
The following varieties are suitable for the cultivation of cucumbers on the windowsill.

The unpretentious early ripe grade with the term of ripening of fruits of 40-42 days from the moment of emergence of shoots. The yield per square meter is 8-11 kg. In order to successfully grow this variety and get a big crop, the main thing is to water it properly according to the instructions.

The grade which is not demanding pollination differs in the long term of fructification. Zelentsy ripen on the 44-48 day after the first shoots. The average yield is 3.5-5 kg ​​per m2.

The characteristic quality of the variety is ultra early ripening, the fruits appear at 37-38 days after the mass germination of seeds. Pollination of the plant is not required. With 1 m2 with proper care can be removed 10-12 kg.

Hybrid requiring pollination, has a high yield (over 25 kg per 1 m2). For window growing is ideally suited for its compact scourge size and high disease resistance.

The plant, although it has a long lash, adapts well at home. Fruits ripen on 47-49 day after germination of seeds on the soil surface. When grown in a greenhouse with the observance of technology, up to 45 kg is removed from 1 m2, at home it is also noted high yield - over 24 kg per 1 m2.

Basic rules for growing

Cover with cover to protect seedlings.

The key to obtaining a good crop of cucumbers will be the inviolable fulfillment of the basic rules of agricultural engineering:

  • Plant only suitable for window growing varieties.
  • Disinfect the soil and seeds.
  • Observe the temperature regime characteristic of each stage.
  • Exclude drafts.
  • Control the degree of soil moisture and air, as well as the level of illumination.
  • To make transplantation and garter in a timely manner, to introduce fertilizers and fertilizing
  • Hand pollinate the flowers of those varieties that require it.
  • Periodically loosen the soil to ensure access to oxygen roots.

When to plant cucumbers at home?

Seedlings sprout and gain strength in pots

Most often, seed sowing on seedlings is done step by step in March. A month later, the strengthened seedlings are transferred to individual pots. Such a decision is due to a suitable time of year, when there will simply not be a shortage in good light.

The necessary soil for growing early varieties in the pot

For the cultivation of cucumbers using loose fertile soil. A ready-made universal substrate or a mixture of equal parts prepared independently: fertile soil, humus, sand, ash, rotten sawdust. Why not do this at home? For aesthetic reasons, do not fill the house with these smells.
To disinfect the substrate, it is necessary to warm it in the oven. With the help of such a procedure, it will be possible to get rid of various larvae and spores that young shoots may be infected with later.

Seed preparation for planting

The preparatory process for sowing on the balcony is not significantly different from the usual procedures that are used when growing crops in open ground or in a greenhouse. In addition to the disinfection carried out in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, you need to sort the best quality seeds. A feature of home cultivation is the preliminary germination of seeds. This must be done in order to determine the exact number of bushes that fit in the box. In the cold season, transplanted adult seedlings have nowhere to go, and throwing out the developing shoots is blasphemous. Making all the windows cucumbers - not a way out, therefore it is better to sow only germinated specimens.

In order to accelerate the germination of seedlings, it is recommended to treat the seed with a growth stimulator before sowing.

How to plant and replant at home

Growing cucumbers on warm window sills

Seeding is convenient to do in wooden boxes or individual pots. You can also use plastic cups, it is important that there is a hole on the bottom to release excess moisture. After germination, the seeds are buried 1.5 cm in moist soil. Until the emergence of shoots on the soil surface, the container should be covered with glass or plastic film to create the greenhouse effect. Температурный режим на данном этапе составляет не менее 25°. Через 2-3 дня можно будет наблюдать, как сквозь почву пробиваются зелёненькие точечки. После того, как покажутся всходы, нужно снять укрытие и снизить комнатный температурный режим до 20°.
Пересаживать окрепшие сеянцы, имеющие 3-4 листика, нужно в более ёмкие горшки, куда помещается до 5 л почвы. Also, some owners use boxes, where 3-4 bushes are planted per 1 m2.

The shoots are transferred to a new place neatly along with the soil, so that the weak root system is not damaged.

Lighting in the spring and summer

Cucumbers need a lot of lighttherefore, it is better to choose a window sill or a loggia for the garden beds from the south or southeast side. On cloudy days and in spring, you need to compensate for the lack of lighting by installing daylight lamps. To prevent the plant from drying out in the summer from sunlight, glass is tinted with thin tulle. Light shading protects the scourge from ultraviolet radiation.

You can create additional lighting with the help of mirrors, foil and other reflectors that will redirect sunlight to the bushes.

Lamp to lengthen the daylight

Feeding seedlings

After sowing, the seedlings are in a warmed place with a temperature regime not lower than 23 ° for 25-28 days. During this time it is necessary to introduce several dressings: the first time 15 days after the emergence of shoots and another 10 days. As a nutrient composition is recommended to use complex fertilizers.

Garter Garter

Garter - a necessary condition for plant development

Growing scourge need help - tie it up.

For the garter use trellis net, which is easier to wrap a semicircle. After immersing it in the ground and fixing should be run on the formed wall of the stalk. Then he will turn around the grid himself. You can correct it, but do it carefully so as not to damage the plant. Extra mustache removed.
The garter is also organized with the help of a cord, which is fixed on a specially made rack frame. The sequence of the process is as follows:

  • to the top of the frame is attached cord (from natural fibers),
  • the end of the cord goes down to the root zone of the bush, turns around (not tight!) several times around the stem and
  • returns to the top rail
  • Both ends of the cord communicate with each other.

When and how to pinch?

To increase the harvest it is necessary to form a cucumber bush. Often the plant lays male shoots on the stem, the so-called barren flowers. To prevent their formation, you need to remove the side shoots from the bottom after the garter. Next, pass along the stalk 6-8 sheets and pinch it (cut off the edge). Such a procedure provokes the formation of side branches, on which the green leaves are well tied.

Watering and feeding

The soil is well moistened.

For irrigation only warm water is used., cold fluid inhibits the development of roots and reduces the formation of ovaries in the sinuses. It is necessary to irrigate bushes once a week. In summer, the intensity of moisture, if necessary, increase to 2-3 times a week. You can also spray the whips throughout the day using warm, clean water.
It is necessary to introduce fertilizer into the soil regularly, approximately once in 10 days. The first time to do this is 2 weeks after seeding. For these purposes, ready-made mixtures of mineral substances or organic-based solutions are used:

  • mullein and water (1:10),
  • bird droppings and water (1:15),
  • infusion onion peel, etc.

How to pollinate

How to manually pollinate cucumbers

When choosing pollinated varieties, artificial pollination must be provided, in the open ground, bees perform this function.
Before you spend it, you need to learn how to distinguish barren flowers from female flowers. Female inflorescence is formed on the green seal that looks like a mini cucumber. The process of pollination consists in transferring pollen from a male flower to fertile. To do this, break the barren flower and maximally open the stamens, removing all the petals. It only remains to touch the stamens of the female flower, repeating the procedure several times (to be sure). This should be done carefully so as not to damage the delicate inflorescence.
How to successfully grow cucumbers on the windowsill? The secret lies in the systematic care of plants that will certainly thank for the generous harvest.