Cultivated tropical plants are often surprised by their amazing appearance. One of them is hibiscus. It is often used for landscaping streets.
After reading this article, you will learn what a Syrian Hibiscus is, what are the most popular plant species, how to properly care for a flower, to propagate it. And also what diseases and pests can threaten the flower and with what other flowers can the Syrian hibiscus be confused.
Botanical description of indoor plants
Syrian hibiscus is a representative of the family Malvaceae. Its Latin name is Hibiscus syriacus. Known by the name of Syrian rose or ketma. This tropical plant came to Russia from China. In nature, it reaches a value of 5-6 m. In the open ground is cultivated in the south of Russia and Ukraine, as well as in:
The bush grows to a height of 1.5-2 meters. His flowers are large in diameter 20-25 cm. Their petals depending on the variety:
The plant blooms from July to October. It forms many flower buds.
Hibiscus Oziau Blue is a deciduous shrub, growing in a height of 2-3 m. Its dark green leaves with a length of 10 cm at the edges have cloves. In single blue colors, the middle is colored red. The plant should be covered for the winter.
Red Hart (Red Heart)
Hibiscus Red Hart is a shrub:
It has a uniform dense crown and large white flowers. Their central part is colored red. Strong branches of an adult plant in width reach 1-2 m, height - 1.5-2.5 m. Dark green leaves have the form of an egg, similar to chrysanthemum. They bloom late. If the spring is cold, then the leaves become yellow-white.
Hibiscus Matilda is considered one of the most beautiful flowering varieties. It reaches a height of 2-3 m. Dark green leaves with a toothed border grow up to 10 cm. The flowers are pink with a red spot.
Hibiscus Meike - this is the most elegant and gentle look. It is also one of the resistant to frost and typical diseases. The shrub stands out for its slow growth, with almost no leaves on it for the winter. Pink five-leaved inflorescences have huge sizes. A bright accent is considered to be the red middle; thin lines are moving away from it in the same color.
Hibiscus Blue Chiffon stands out for its excellent color. Dense blue buds appear among small green leaves. This variety of flower is resistant to drought and frost. He needs a lot of sunlight, so it is recommended to plant in the garden.
Duc de Brabant
The shrub hibiscus Duc de Brabant grows medium in size. Shrub is shaped like a ball, so the buds of purple color look amazing.. This variety is adapted to cold weather, because it was specially cultivated for growing outside. It has a long flowering.
The cultivar Ardens is compact. This shrub has a uniform and dense crown, double purple flowers. Vertically located branches are quite strong. The adult plant extends to a width of 1-2 m, reaches a height of 1.5-2.5 m. Green ovoid leaves look like chrysanthemum leaves and bloom late. Ardens blooms with terry large flowers of red-violet or purple color, in the center there is a 9.5 cm stain of red wine.
Syrian hibiscus is considered unpretentious plant. Care for him is not difficult.
- When new green shoots appear, it is necessary to prune dried and old ones. This flower is bad for the nearby weeds, so they are regularly destroyed. It is necessary to prevent the bush from becoming very thick.
You can multiply the plant:
The simplest is cuttings of young cuttings, which have 2-3 knots. They are cut with a sharp knife and put in the water before the roots. In order for this to happen quickly, it is recommended that the cut be treated with special growth promoters. When the roots appear on the handle, it is planted in a pot with soil prepared in advance.
The young plant is left indoors for wintering, and when spring arrives it is planted in open ground.. If there is a desire to immediately plant on the street, then it is necessary to warm it for the winter.
We invite you to watch a video on the reproduction of hibiscus cuttings:
We offer you to watch a video about planting hibiscus seeds:
Diseases and pests
On Syriac hibiscus likes to live aphid, so experienced growers recommend planting next to marigolds or lavender. Sometimes this plant becomes ill with chlorosis. In this case, the leaves become light, they are clearly visible quite bright streaks. The flower lacks iron or nitrogen, so it needs to be fertilized.
The reason for the intense fall of the leaves may be hidden in the decay of the root system. This leads to excessive watering or plant infection by pests such as wireworm and cockchafer. If there are spots on the surface of the leaves, it can be caused by fungi or bacteria. Leaves break off and burn.
There are many colors like Syriac hibiscus. One of them is a North American species - hibiscus is bright red. On it in the summer large bloody flowers are formed. This typically subtropical species has dark green leaves. The perennial plant is hibiscus choppy. This well-developed deciduous shrub plant is characterized by:
- umbrella crown,
- heart shaped leaves
- flowers that change color depending on the time of day.
Perennial deciduous marsh hibiscus has oval leaves and rich scarlet buds. The plant stands out for resistance to cold and unpretentiousness. Triple hibiscus grows in North and Central Africa. It grows up to 80 cm. It has small flowers, up to 4 cm, that bloom from morning to noon. They are painted in yellow with a dark red core. Flowering lasts 1 month.
Syrian hibiscus refers to the perennial plant. If he is at home, it may well bloom in winter. The Syrian hibiscus with proper care in one place has been growing for more than 20 years. However, he does not need a transplant and update.
In addition to natural species, there are artificially bred varieties that are distinguished by leaves and colors. In horticulture, these types of hibiscus are cultivated:
- Syrian or treelike. Syrian rose, Drummond and Hibiscus syriacus, grows as a tree or as a shrub 1.5-2 meters high.
To its popular varieties belong:
- Diana - possesses white, undulating on the edge of buds.
- Wyelite Ilar Double- Has a terry purple flowers with sky-blue tone with scarlet specks in the middle.
- Pink Giant- Its flowers are single, pink with a crimson spot at the base of the petal.
- Carneus plenus- Has elastic spikes and double fawn-pink flowers with a purple spot in the core.
- Triple. It lives in Central and North Africa. It differs from the Syrians in smaller ones, up to 4 cm in flowers, the smallest height is up to 80 cm and the flowers bloom for half a day, from morning to noon. It blooms for one month, the color of the flowers is yellow with a dark red horse.
- Hybrid garden or grassy, bred in the middle of the twentieth century. Cold-resistant, height from 1 m to 1.7 m with amber-emerald sheets, huge rosebuds and powerful straight trunk. Come across annual shrub varieties.
- Youth - a bush with a height of 1.5 meters, weakly branched, shoots of light yellow-malachite tone, shoots under a viewpoint of 60º. The foliage is yellow-emerald, cut. Pinkish flowers with a snow-white bottom and a cup, 10 cm in volume, have the shape of a tulip.
- Late- compact bush of 1 m height and 1 m diameter, with densely growing notched, oval swept-shaped sheets with whitish streaks on fleshy petioles. Flowers, crimson-pink with a purple tone in the form of narrow bells of 7 cm, bloom on low pedicels.
- Pale pink - a bush with a height of 170 cm with small shoots extending at an angle of 60º, with cut leaves of yellow-green tone with a toothed side and pink flowers of 12 cm with a snow-white bottom and a tulip-shaped bowl.
- Pink and porcelain - shrub to a height of 130 cm, stalks branched, amber-green in color, leaves, strongly incised on cuttings 6 cm in length. Large bell-shaped pale pinkish flowers with barely visible yellowness and snow-white throat, 12 cm in volume, are arranged with tassels on low peduncles.
- room. They call it a Chinese rose, can be grown in greenhouses, gardens, rock gardens and rose gardens. Due to its fragility and tenderness, it is recommended to breed as a magnificent room or greenhouse flower. Most gardeners do not breed it, citing a foreshadowing that the cultivation of a Chinese rose brings misfortunes to homeowners, and the blooming of someone's demise.
All varieties and types of hibiscus stand out for their beauty, attractiveness and modest, attractive charm, so it’s hard to believe that this flower is associated with bad omens.
Cultivation and care
Garden hibiscus is an unassuming plant. The plant does not give trouble to owners. Look for the flower simply. When new shoots appear, they cut off old, dried stems. Do not tolerate weeds in the neighborhood. They observe that the bush does not thicken, systematically pull out weeds.
Election of a site for landing, lighting. Refers to the light-loving plants. In order for it to bloom elegantly, it should be settled in a very bright place. Nearby with roses, the flower will look great. Thanks to compactness it will perfectly fit into any rose garden. As a single flower, it is no less seductive. Not bad next to plant lavender bushes. It looks great and appropriate. The aroma of lavender drives away aphids. The plant does not tolerate drafts, it must be protected from the wind. It is necessary to take into account that non-terry species tolerate frosts better. Plants with double petals are afraid of frost.
P ochva. The plant elects fertile, permeable earth. The land around the plant should be systematically loosened.
Watering. Requires restrained watering. The flower is moistened after the surface layer of the earth has dried. When growing in warm regions with a hot summer, the plant is watered every day.
Top dressing. She loves feeding with a lot of phosphorus. Flower fertilized 1 time in a couple of weeks at the time of strong flowering. This allows it to bloom luxuriously. In order for it to survive wintering, at the start of the autumn period, potassium-containing fertilizer is introduced into the soil.
Planting, breeding. For planting take seedlings with a developed root system. This will allow the plant to harden and prepare for winter. Propagated and seed method. Grains are planted in the spring, when frosts will pass and the earth is already warm.
There are several ways to reproduce a Syrian rose. New offspring is obtained using:
- In the summer they harvest the seeds and plant them in the spring.
- Multiple layering and inoculation.
- Hybrid types of flowers multiply the division of the bush.
For vegetative propagation, young stalks with 2-3 nodes are used. Stalks are germinated in water. In order for the roots to grow faster, their sections are treated with a growth stimulator. When naklevyvanii root stalk planted in a pot with soil.
Planted in garden landdiluted with peat. The young plant should winter in the room, and in spring it is planted in the soil of the garden. If you immediately land in the ground, you will need to warm. With good care, the plant will bloom in the first season after planting.
Pruning. Systematic pruning activates flowering. Flower buds ripen on young processes. The more of them, the more will be the buds. Trimming hibiscus transfers freely. Carry out the process at the end of spring, until the flower blooms. Due to pruning, young shoots appear, and the plant acquires a decorative look. When pruning remove old and dead branches. Strong shoots are reduced by 2/3. To give a certain shape to a flower, shoots around the main trunk are cut to different heights.
Syriac hibiscus betray all sorts of forms - a cube, a ball, a pyramid. This colorful and small flower is grown in flower beds in country houses and private plots. It perfectly decorates both the balcony and the terrace.
Transfer. A flower transplant is done in the early spring period, after cutting the processes into half length and before flowering. After transplantation, you need to water the plant in abundance, in a year it will bloom. Simultaneously with the transplant, the rhizome is divided.
Features of growing Syriac hibiscus in the middle lane
Terry flower shapes are achieved by breeding. Therefore, the usual inflorescence is more prepared for the icy winter. A flower can survive without shelter a brief decrease in temperature to minus 20 degrees. Such conditions exist only in the southern regions. That is why it is necessary to winter the flower in the Moscow region in the open air under a protective building.
After winter, the first shoots appear when the temperature of the atmosphere is 12-15 degrees. In the Moscow region - this is the end of May. After the flower comes to life and chases the sprouts, 3 months is left until flowering. Beautiful inflorescences appear in August, and console the eye until frost. Then the plant turns yellow and prepares for new wintering.
But you can get around nature. If a greenhouse is made of a cellophane film over a group of plants in spring, the soil will heat up sooner, and vegetation will arise earlier. So, a couple of weeks is won back from nature. In the conditions of the middle zone and the northern regions, tropical plants grow in containers. Having created good conditions for the plant, it is kept in the tub for up to 20 years.
How to hibernate hibiscus
How does hibiscus winter or syrian? In the temperate climate, it needs an indispensable shelter, especially if it is a terry variety. Some flower growers dig up hibiscus, transplant it into a container and hold it until spring in the basement, and spring it down into the ground. If hibiscus winters in the garden, then in November, when the temperature of the atmosphere is from minus 5 ºC to minus 10 ºC, a greenhouse is built around the flower. If the cold does not exceed minus 15 ºC, then a flower like this building will be protected.
The best way to protect the flower from the cold and to avoid vykryvaniya under the tissues that do not allow oxygen, closing the lapnikom acts. Lapnik accumulates snow on itself and does not allow hibiscus to rot and overheat. Lapnikom cover in three rows, throwing around the branches, as for a hut, beforehand connecting the branches of the flower with a rope and pulling the sack bag. However, rodents climb into such shelters. So that mice or rats do not ruin the plant, they lay out mousetraps or wheat poisoned by poison.
Syrian rose is resistant to urban living, it is grown not only in the garden or greenhouse, but also on the balcony and loggia. With proper care, she lives for 20-25 years. Consequently, you can enjoy a piece of magnificent China and the national symbol of South Korea for many years.
In nature, there are about three hundred species of hibiscus, represented by evergreen herbs, shrubs and trees. For home cultivation is used much less of its representatives, but each of them is different in size of leaves and flowers, their color, pattern and duration of flowering. There are quite unusual representatives, the petals of which are framed by a bright edging, dotted with strokes or decorated with an eyelet, which makes the flowering incomparably beautiful. Next, we consider the main types of home hibiscus grown by growers.
The plant reaches a height of 80 cm. Its flowers, up to 4 cm in diameter, have a pale yellow color with the original purple center. The culture pleases with its color only in the morning period, and in the afternoon the buds “fall asleep”. Duration of flowering - a little more than a month, then new buds appear in the leaf axils.
It is a frost-resistant and unpretentious type of hibiscus, having large flowers with a diameter of up to 12 cm. Blossoming buds have bright colors of various shades (depending on the variety). Although the flower lives only one day, the bush is not empty - new buds bloom on it every day. Looks great in the form of a hedge. With proper care, the bush reaches a three-meter height and one-and-a-half meter width. It blooms with the onset of summer until late autumn.
An ornamental plant with a large palette of shades - from snow-white to crimson, sometimes you can find two-colored varieties. It has large buds that, when opened, reach 10 cm in diameter. Flowers can be simple or terry. To see flowering, you need to be patient, as the culture grows rather slowly and blooms no earlier than at the age of three, possibly later. It is also possible to grow the plant in the open ground - in areas with special climatic conditions, warm winters.
Hibiscus is mutable
This species is a deciduous shrub with an erect trunk, reaching a height of 3 m. It received its name because of the variability of the color of the buds, which first have a white color and then pink. При этом простые или махровые цветки достигают в диаметре 10 см, листья лопастные, достаточно крупные.
Представители этого вида являются вечнозелеными кустарниками с длинными блестящими листьями (до 15 см) и буроватой корой. There are many varieties that differ from each other in size, terry colors, their color, which is represented by a white, yellow, pink, red, purple palette with many shades. Flowers bloom only for a couple of days, but from spring to autumn there are new instances.
Proper care of hibiscus
Growing hibiscus at home can not be called a simple process. The plant requires the creation of a suitable microclimate, as well as constant feeding. The sharp fluctuations in temperature, excessive watering, lack of light and even a change in the angle of illumination are factors that can lead to shedding of flower buds. Proper care will provide culture a splendor of colors and a long life.
Hibiscus categorically does not like sizzling sunlight, so they give him a bright place, but protected, darkened from the sun in midday. For flowerpots growing on window sills, you can make a barrier of fabric or translucent paper.
On the garden plots it is planted on the south, west, east side, and the north is contraindicated. In the winter period, apartment representatives lack natural light - they need daily lighting for 8–9 hours using fluorescent lamps. In this case, the lighting device should be located at a distance of at least half a meter.
In spring and summer, the most suitable temperature for the normal development of hibiscus is + 22 ... + 25C. From the beginning of autumn, it must be reduced to + 16C, and in winter to + 14C, which will positively affect its decoration, as well as the best quality of flower buds. Lower temperatures will cause foliage drops. During the flowering period, it is possible to provide the flower with a higher temperature, reaching + 30C.
Hibiscus best of all feels at high humidity of air which promotes magnificent and long blooming. Spraying in the summer is an important part of proper care. The procedure is carried out twice a day - in the morning and in the evening. In the spring and autumn, sprayed every two days.
Care must be taken of the apartment representatives. In winter, when the heating season begins and the temperature in the room can reach + 20 ° C, it is often necessary to spray its leaves. Being in dry conditions, the leaves of the plant lose their shape and shrink. Hibiscus does not tolerate stagnant water, therefore, planting it in a pot, you need to organize a good drainage, a layer of 1.5–2 cm. If water remains in the pan after watering the flower, it must be poured out.
Hibiscus loves wet soil, so in the summer it is watered abundantly 2-3 times a week, since dry areas can cause wilting and dropping the leaves. Waterlogging can also have unpleasant consequences in the form of the formation of fungus on the roots, which can lead to death. In winter, when it is much cooler, home hibiscus is watered less often. It is better to use separated water, since watering with tap water containing chlorine can lead to yellowing of the leaves.
Fertilizers and feeding
All species of this plant need richly nourishing soil, regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers, especially in spring and summer (you can not feed at all in winter). Additional meals are held every one to two weeks. It is possible to alternate mineral fertilizers with organic ones, using, for example, a solution of mullein, which is diluted in water in a ratio of 1:10.
Pests and diseases
The main diseases that cause great damage to hibiscus include:
- Non-infectious chlorosis caused by the lack of essential nutrients (potassium, iron, magnesium, etc.). It can manifest itself as a lack of flowering, yellowing and leaf fall. In this case, regular fertilizing helps,
- Infectious chlorosis is a lesion by fungi and microbes, which leads to the general weakness of the plant. It is necessary to wash it under a shower, covering the soil with a bag, create quarantine conditions,
- Sunburn, which results in white spots on the leaves,
- Vascular wilting leading to death. Occurs due to infection with fungi, the development of the disease Fusarium. Cure ailment is quite difficult. All dried areas need to be removed, treated with hibiscus antifungal medication ("Dezavid", "Appin").
Among the pests are the most dangerous aphid and spider mite. Aphids are small, inactive insects up to 5 mm in size, which suck the sap from the plant, causing the leaves to become covered in yellow spots and shrink.
Spider mite has an even smaller size - up to 0.3 mm - and is not visible with the naked eye. On hibiscus, its colonies settle in the lower sides of the foliage, having the appearance of dust. The leaves are covered with thin cobwebs and fall off. As a preventive measure, it is necessary to regularly ventilate the room and spray the culture. When the plant is sick, it can be treated with a solution of "Aktellik" (15 drops of concentrate per 1 l of water). The treatment must be repeated after two weeks.
How to transplant hibiscus
Young plants are transplanted annually, and adults as needed. You can perform the procedure at any time of the year. The soil for transplantation should contain additional sand and humus. At the bottom of the drainage must be laid, for example, expanded clay. The branches of the hibiscus must be cut to a third length - this will accelerate the growth of young shoots. To give the necessary decorative form, it is also cut. After transplantation, the culture needs plenty of drink.
What is hibiscus
The flower belongs to the Malvova family. There are both wild and cultivated varieties derived from breeding. There are tree, grass and shrub species. Flowers are usually located at the top of the shoots. They come in almost any shades (not only black and blue). Size can vary from 5 to 30 cm.
A popular variety, and it is kept both in gardens and in apartments (such as the hibiscus Gabriel, Pushpa suresh and Voodoo Magic). Hibiscus hybrid is distinguished by large (up to 25 cm) flowers, which bloom in August and bloom until the first cold weather. Unpretentious to care, resistant to coolness and suitable for beginners. Requires good lighting. When grown in the garden, the stems die off in the fall, and grow back in the spring.
More often grown in open ground. It needs bright sunlight and high humidity, especially well, if there is a stream or reservoir nearby. Practically does not react to the lack of supplements, but it starts to hurt at their excess. It is frost-resistant - if there is a lot of snow, it can withstand cold down to -25 ° C. Suitable for growing in temperate latitudes (it is unlikely to transfer the Siberian winter).
It blooms from early June until autumn. Flowers 12–16 cm in diameter. There are many shades (like Creole).
Such hibiscus, as Copper King, also called swamp.
He is the hibiscus Ardens. For this shrub variety of hibiscus is characterized by large flowers. They do not gather in inflorescences, they can be simple or terry, most often with red petals of varying degrees of brightness. Like the Night runner, Moorea solar blue, Russian firebird, Fly me to the moon or Pushpa suresh there are two-colored varieties. By the way, a beautiful gradient color is also inherent in the Creole lady hibiscus.
Usually grown outside. The height of the bush from 3 to 6 m. It develops slowly. Growth can be stimulated with systemic, but moderate watering. Can be grown on a trunk.
This hibiscus - standard or common - is an expressive complement to landscape design.
Differs in unusual maple-shaped maple leaves (this is similar to the red-leaved hibiscus). In Africa, young sour shoots of this variety are eaten. The height of the crown is up to 1.5 m, the diameter is up to 80 cm. Some species are distinguished by variegated leaves with a purple or greenish tinge.
Cold resistance is low, cold can tolerate only up to -8 ° C. In temperate zones it is grown as an annual.
Known for healing properties: broths that cleanse the blood and relax the intestines are prepared from flowers, bark and leaves. In temperate climates it is grown as an annual.
Stems can sometimes reach 10 m. In their natural habitat, specimens of up to 30 m are recorded. Flowers have a pronounced pleasant aroma, about 10 cm in diameter, most often white, with red or pink veins in tone with the pestle (as in a variegated variety).
Grows best in black soil with good drainage. Needs warmth and abundant watering. Requires regular application of organic fertilizers and mineral supplements.
When grown in temperate climates, the roots may suffer from frost, so some gardeners dig them for the winter, transplant them into a pot and bring them to winter home. Others constantly grow the plant in a large capacity so as not to disturb its transplants.
Due to the elongated glossy leaves, the plant is a bit like a ficus. In southern countries, it is often used for outdoor gardening, but in temperate climates it is suitable only for indoor cultivation. Length of sprouts up to 50 cm. Petals are red, but at the same time they are folded into a long green cup. Prefers moderate temperature: + 18–22 ° C in summer and + 16–18 ° C in winter. Loves moisture, needs regular watering and spraying. During the growing season need monthly nitrogen supplements.
By the way, the bloody Mary hibiscus, as well as Robert Fleming and Cranberry crash, are also distinguished by their rich red colors.
For home cultivation are also suitable hibiscus Princess (Princess) and Mary.
Shrub with thorny stems and low branches. The flowers are yellow (almost shade like Koenig, Sunny, Bari or Fiori grande), crimson near the base (like the variety Borias), about 10 cm in diameter. In its wild form, the variety grows to 5 m, cultivated plants reach about 3 m. The name is due to the shape of the branches, which extend perpendicularly from the trunk, and then grow up vertically after bending.
Flowers do not open completely, but seem to freeze in a half-open state. The average diameter is 11 cm and consists of 5 petals. The color is red, bright scarlet or purple, like the hibiscus Purple magic, Tevahine tunnui or Cranberry. Hue saturated at the base, to the edges of the petals brightens.
Dark purple is also characteristic of Black dragon hibiscus.
The species likes high humidity and diffused light. Growing fast.
Tree-like species in the south grows up to 30 m in height. In warm latitudes, it is used for outdoor gardening. In temperate climates, the average height is 7 m.
Hibiscus of this variety is distinguished by valuable wood, from which make furniture and furnishings.
Flowers up to 12 cm in diameter, and change color depending on age: yellow buds, opening, become orange, and then red. Some varieties have two-color petals, with a crimson stripe on an orange background.
Hibiscus edible, or okra
The plant is a shrub up to 2 m in height. There are also dwarf varieties up to 50 cm. Young stems are slightly pubescent, lumber as they grow older. Another name for the variety is Lady’s finger. Flowers - up to 8 cm. The color of the petals is yellow or white (like that of the hibiscus Byron metts). The base has purple or red "eyes".
They eat pods for up to three days - they are boiled, baked, stewed, used for preservation, etc. They contain many vitamins and important trace elements. Mature pods are not suitable for food directly, but they are fried and used as a coffee substitute. Often used in food and foliage. Fruits are harvested with gloves due to hard villi that irritate hands.
Oil is squeezed out of the seeds, which is used in cooking, for cosmetic purposes and even as a fuel.
The variety prefers heat, but can tolerate short-term frosts down to -3 ° C. Needs good lighting. Resistant to drought. In warm regions, okra is grown in open ground. In temperate climates, it is more commonly used as a houseplant.
Fruits can be eaten. The flowers are yellow (as in the Koenig variety or subspecies Bocca di leone) or white. Sometimes, like the Allure variety, hibiscus variegated can have a pink hue. Color depends on the climate.
The shrub grows rapidly, in the south it can grow up to 6 m, in the temperate zone it can grow up to 2 m. It prefers heat, high humidity and diffused illumination, partial shade is allowed. Cooling negatively affects flowering.
It can be grown both in the room and in the garden (as Gabriel and Pushpa suresh). For cold regions, such as Siberia, home cultivation is recommended.
The shrub grows to 4 m. The flowers are up to 7 cm long, most often purple, red, purple, sometimes the petals have a blue tint. Like hibiscus peach terry, as well as Karamello, can have cream flowers. The leaves are bright green, pubescent on the reverse side.
It blooms all summer before the cold. Prefers good lighting, humidity, sandy or clay soils. Balanced feeding is important.
After pruning near the cut, young shoots begin to actively grow.
In mid-latitudes, they are grown either as a houseplant or as a garden annual. The height and width are 1–2 m. The flowers are usually red or purple (similar to one of Pushpa suresh colors), up to 10 cm in diameter. Completely not dissolved. Flowering continues all summer.
Like the hibiscus, the galaxy prefers good lighting, but it can tolerate partial shade. Important abundant watering and regular pruning.
Poisonous shrub, causes allergic reactions. In warm regions it is used for landscaping. The average height is up to 2 m. Flowers of decorative value are not valuable, foliage is appreciated.
Quite unpretentious, can grow in the sun and in partial shade, withstands temperatures from +4 ° C to +35 ° C.
Hibiscus Sabdariff, or Rosella
Like musk hibiscus, it is used in food. From the flowers of this variety are preparing the famous karkade tea. In addition, jams and preserves are made from the stalks, leaves and cups of flowers, and wine is made. Used as a natural food dye.
Prefers moist soil with good drainage, regular feeding and plenty of light. The optimum temperature is + 20–30 ° C.
Large leaves reach about 16 cm in diameter. Usually red or purple. The height and width of the shrub up to 2 m. Shoots slightly pubescent. Leaves in the shape of a heart, serrated.
Requires moderate watering and regular pruning. Prefers sandy soils.
Tree species up to 10 m in height. Furniture and furnishings are made of wood.
Like hibiscus, musky is a healing variety. Decoction of flowers and roots has antioxidant properties, helps with respiratory diseases. Like the Muscat variety, it reduces inflammation.
Flowers with variegated petals, red at the base, then the shade turns yellow, as in the Koenig variety. During the day, petals can change shade from yellow to red.
The plant prefers the proximity of water, grows on the sea coasts and near marshes. It does not harm the salinity of the soil. Often grows in sand (coral or quartz), crushed basalt or limestone.
Hibiscus raznolistovy (Hibiscus diversifolius)
His homeland is the Australian lands of Botany Bay in New South Wales and the Pacific Islands. Also found in Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar. In our latitudes, cultivated as a pot plant. Some lovers of room flora are often confused raznolistkovy and splayed hibiscus.Besides origin, they have a lot in common: of equal length, similar in appearance to the stems, large flowers with a long pestle, petiole method of reproduction. Difference raznoliskovogo species are leaves, resembling a heart shape up to 10 cm in diameter, with irregular sections along the edges. On the stems a lot of thorns.
The diversity of the species is due to ragged irregular serration and the presence of leaves of different sections on one stem. Near the tops, they can be solid, and going down, split into 3 or 5 segments. On the inside, each leaf is thickly covered with nap, which makes it rough.
Buds of pale yellow color with a rich purple center are collected in inflorescences, which are directed downwards. Cups bright green with a bristly pile.
In addition to heat and sun, hibiscus of this species adore water. In their native environment they inhabit the shores of reservoirs, wet fields and the outskirts of swamps. At home, in need of frequent watering and pruning crown. The peculiarity of diversifolius is in endurance to mild winters.
Hibiscus fragile (Hibiscus fragilis)
View of extremely rare endemic shrubs growing on the steep slopes of the Cordegardia Mountains, Le Morne Brabant in Mauritius. Externally, hibiscus is fragile like a Chinese rose.
Perennial is an evergreen very dense shrub with a widely branched crown. Leaves 5-7-segment. The flowers are tubular, with 5 petals that find on each other, bright scarlet, terracotta and red shades. There are up to 10 cm in diameter.Гибискус хрупкий в дикой природе исчезает. Сегодня он исчисляется всего лишь четырьмя десятками экземпляров и не может самостоятельно восстановиться до былых количеств. По мнению ученых, виной этому активная конкурирующая гибридизация. Решить проблему пытаются сотрудники Королевского ботанического сада в Кью, воспроизводя рассаду культуры. Успехи в выращивании внедряют надежды на возвращение вида в натуральную среду.
Гибискус Скотта (Hibiscus scottii)
In its natural form, it grows in dense semi-foliated forests of tropical and subtropical zones. It is rare, because the species is classified as endangered. Today, Scott hibiscus can only be found in Yemen. Differs in yellow-orange flowers and bright terracotta spots at the base. The cup they have consists of two toothed segments. The leaves are oval, with large teeth at the edges, slightly bent.
The most popular types and varieties of hibiscus
There are about three hundred species of hibiscus in the southern and warm countries, but in our latitudes the most common are Syriac hibiscus, Chinese hibiscus and hybrid hibiscus.
These types of garden plants, for indoor cultivation are mainly used Chinese hibiscus, which is also called Chinese rose, rose.
Chinese roses have extremely many varieties, here are just a few of them:
Anita Buis - flowers are simple, yellow-orange.
Florida - flowers large (up to 14 cm in diameter), orange-red.
Hamburg - flowers are large, terry, carmine-red.
Rosa - flowers semi-double and terry, salmon-pink.
How to plant a garden hibiscus
Theoretically, hibiscus can be propagated by seeds, but this is a time-consuming and complex process, not every florist has the strength. Moreover, reproduction by seeds is fraught with the loss of varietal characteristics of flowers and requires six, seven years of waiting until the first flowers appear.
Most often hibiscus are propagated by cutting.
Cut off the green apical cuttings with two or three internodes in spring or autumn, the sections are treated with growth stimulants and placed in the ground with the addition of peat and sand.
In the winter, cuttings cut in autumn can be stored in the cellar by placing them in wet sand. In the spring of cuttings can be placed in a jar of water, hibiscus is able to develop the root, even in water.
It is better to transplant the cuttings into the soil that have taken root in May - June, when there are no return frosts.
Video transplant indoor hibiscus.
Recommendations for growing and care
The optimal temperature for hibiscus growth is within 20 degrees of heat.
In winter, the shrub can withstand medium frosts, severe frosts in a snowless winter can destroy this heat-loving plant. It is advisable to lay around the stalk of dry spruce twigs or grass.
Watering should be timely, as the land dries around the plant. Too wet soil is undesirable because it can lead to the appearance of various pests and diseases.
Growing and caring for hibiscus at home For the plants take away a bright sunny place, but protected in midday hours from direct sunlight.
On warm summer days, the hibiscus is brought to the fresh air, if this is not possible, then the room is regularly aired.
When caring for hibiscus at home in winter, it is desirable to additionally cover the plants for at least eight hours a day.
How to buy hibiscus saplings in our nursery
Brief description, as well as other photos of Hibiscus taken in our nursery at different periods of growth of this plant, you can see by clicking on this link:
Here you will find detailed information how much it costs and how to buy Syriac Hibiscus in our cattery.
Buy rooted hibiscus stalk
Rooted process (stalk) of hibiscus can be bought from 300 - up to 500 rubles. Provided you buy several plants at once, the price of any rooted cutting (regardless of variety and size) - 300 rubles.
Delivery by mail will be free for you if you buy 10 rooted hibiscus at once, the varieties of hibiscus presented in this catalog.
The minimum purchase amount is 1000 rubles.
The presence of hibiscus in our cattery, see the section "Catalog of hibiscus".
When choosing hibiscus flowers, instead of the name you can indicate the number of the flower on the general photo
Description and recommendations for the cultivation of other plants:
If you bought a rooted cutting sometimes and a blooming indoor flower in our nursery in a technical (temporary) pot, you need to transplant this flower into a new, permanent pot after a while. In this article you will find recommendations on how to do this, including a video on how to transplant Florida hibiscus (at the end of the article).
In this article you will find a description of a perennial plant of chamomile terry, as well as tips on growing and caring for chamomile garden.
Korean chrysanthemum unpretentious plant, however, has its own preferences for soil, watering and lighting. Detailed description and tips on growing.
Bearded hybrid toffee can be bought in our nursery with a closed root system, in a pot with soil.
This type of fern has received such an unusual name most likely for the stems resembling ostrich tail feathers.
Turkish carnation is an unpretentious perennial plant, but it also has its own peculiarities on cultivation and care. A detailed description of this plant, tips on growing and caring you will find in this article.
Description of the most popular types of clematis. Recommendations experienced gardener for planting, growing and caring for clematis.
2017 / Indoor flowers, plants and seeds for the garden
Variety of varieties and types of Syrian hibiscus
Hibiscus species are used in landscape design in different ways:
Swamp hibiscus with large flowers, reaching up to 12 cm in diameter, is often used to create a hedge. The same function is performed by tree hibiscus, having bright flowers of elegant shape (flower diameter - up to 10 cm).
Chinese hibiscus, blooming all year round, is used not only for decorating plots. The petals of its flowers are used for brewing special tea - “hibiscus tea”.
Sour hibiscus is also often called the annual maple. He has not only red flowers, but also the same carved leaves, looks good in the hedge and in a single planting.
Description of the most popular varieties of Syriac hibiscus
- Hibiscus Syrian blue chiffon - variety, the main feature of which - the color of flowers. This variety is often called “chiffon” because of the tenderness of their petals. Blue chiffon attracts attention, because in nature, blue, clear and clean, with the transition to blue almost never occurs.
- Syriac hibiscus Oziau blue. This species also has blue flowers, but their central color is red.
- Hibiscus Syrian Matilda is remembered by a red spot on the pink petals of a flower.
- Hibiscus Syrian Red Heart is not accidentally called “red heart”: the central part of its white flowers has a red color.
- Syrian Arden hibiscus is distinguished not only by the compactness of the bush, but also by flowers. Each terry flower has a purple color.
- Hibiscus Syrian Duc de Brabant is equally good in the form of a shrub, and in the form of a tree, colored with purple and red petals.
Preparing for the winter
Hibiscus is frost resistant. Even exotic hibiscus grassy hybrid well tolerates winter. He can winter just sprinkled with snow. The photo shows how hibiscus winters in the garden, tied with sackcloth or spruce branches.
In regions with severe winters and temperatures below 34 ° C, hibiscus, wintering in the soil, may die. Therefore, the shrub is dug out and moved to a heated room. So it can be until the spring in the basement, and can develop in a pot, like a room flower.
Many countries consider hibiscus to be theirs. It is not by chance that a plant has several plants at once. In Sudan, hibiscus is called “Sudanese rose”, in Syria - “Syrian rose”. But this ornamental shrub is international. This rose can be yours too! Plant hibiscus in the country, enjoy its bloom, drink karkade tea, feel the harmony of the world, created by yourself!