Growing and caring for bells that are widespread in household plots is not a problem, since even cultivated species easily adapt to weather changes. But decorative, large and constantly flowering buds require good care. The plant will have the proper appearance only under optimal conditions in which perennial bells should be grown. Planting and care for each species is made taking into account its features.
General rules for growing bells
Many species of bluebells grow well in open sunny places, but also like penumbra. Some of them bloom longer in such conditions.
Bells grow everywhere, except for areas with stagnant waters. They do not like lowlands with loamy or clay soil. They will not grow in the poured areas. If the groundwater is close, you can plant flowers on high ridges, providing them with good drainage.
The soil should be loose. To do this, peat, humus, sod soil is added to loam or clay soil. Shrubs transplanted in the fall or spring. At the same time leave a lump of earth, so as not to damage the adventitious roots. The wells before planting and after abundantly watered. If the roots are strong, flowers take root in early spring better. For a less developed root system, landings are made in May, when the earth warms up.
In the fall, bushes must take root before the frosts come. Work is done at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn.
In the spring, nitrogen is added to the soil, contributing to the rapid growth of green mass of plants. In the summer period, complex and phosphate fertilizers are used, and in the autumn they add potassium, which increases resistance to frost.
Summer care consists of periodic loosening, weeding and regular feeding with mineral fertilizers or rotted manure. Before flowering this work should be done necessarily. Apply moderate watering.
For long flowering dried stalks are removed. Some of them are left, hoping to get the seeds. As soon as the bolls become brown, they are harvested until they have opened, and the seeds have not fallen into the soil.
Before the onset of cold weather, all the stems of plants are cut off at the root. Shelter is required mostly for species originating from the south of Europe and Asia. The soil is sprinkled with peat, spruce branches or dry leaves.
How to grow bells from seed
Most species repeat the properties of parent plants, and they can be propagated by seed. Some varieties, such as terry, may differ from the parent. In this case, they are propagated vegetatively.
The bells produce very small seeds, and they should be laid out on the ground under a thin sandy layer. In the 2nd half of October or in May, seeds are sown in the ground. You can grow seedlings, starting in March. To do this, prepare a light soil from a mixture of peat, turf land and sand, without the addition of organic fertilizers.
Germination of seedlings occurs 2 weeks after sowing. When there are 3 true leaves, the seedlings dive through 10 cm. Plants are planted in a permanent place in early June. Color and seeds will appear in a year.
Reproduction by division
The perennial bells multiply by division. Planting and care begin in the second or third year of the growing season. The method is suitable for vegetative inactive and mobile plants. The ciliated or rod root system does not allow vegetative propagation, and seedlings are grown only from seeds.
The above-ground part is trimmed and the plant is divided so that each part has sufficient root system. The separated sprout is planted in a selected place and watered abundantly.
Flowers bells: famous varieties, care, planting
Now as a result of targeted breeding work many varieties of garden bells are displayed. Some flower growers prefer to plant wild-growing species, considering that their natural beauty brings elegance to the floral ensemble of the garden.
In addition to decorative qualities, some types of bells have medicinal properties. Antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties of flowers are appreciated by medicine. And also among the bells there are a lot of honey-bearing and even edible species. The roots and foliage of plants are used in cooking for the preparation of salads and soups.
Despite the many useful properties, mainly garden varieties are planted to decorate gardens and garden plots.
Bred more than 400 varieties of bells. As a result of selection, plants appeared with flowers not only of traditional blue and blue shades. Now flower growers can add violet, lilac, pink, fawn, white and even yellow flowers to their collection. Species differ from each other in size and shape of foliage, as well as the timing of flowering. Especially popular are dotted bell and bell-flowers.
Dotted bell. Point bell refers to the perennial garden bells, belongs to sredneroslye species. A native of Siberia and the Far East, he has a thin stem up to 1.5 meters tall. The name of the species is associated with the color of the flowers, and the crimson specks visible on the inside of the petals are clearly visible on them. The appearance of the flowers is different originality - the flower resembles a glass, consisting of pubescent petals in the form of blades. The flowers are large, drooping, located on long stalks.
Leaves oval, pointed or lanceolate, depending on the variety. In the root zone, the leaves are covered with many fairly rigid hairs. Flowering begins in early summer and lasts until frost.
The dotted bell can boast a varied color range of varieties. Bred plants with pink, blue, maroon, white, bright blue flowers. Especially in demand in gardening varieties:
- Variety Othello. It has a high content of pigment. The plant even leaves brown shade.
- Variety Kent Bell. The variety has large saturated blue flowers and a stem that is unusually high for this species and reaches 70 cm.
- Variety of Cherry Bells. The flowers of the variety have a pink base, their petals are covered with specks of red and the tips are painted in a milky shade. The bush is low, its stem does not reach half a meter in height.
- Double or double dotted bell. The plant forms an additional row of original stamen petals. Terry petals, as a sign of variety, persistently maintained in hot weather. Double flowers are formed in adult plants, young bushes rarely form double inflorescences.
Cultivation of the dotted bell can not be called easy exercises. Some varieties of this species require special attention and careful maintenance.
Bluebell flower. Milkflower bell refers to perennial garden bells and belongs to tall species. In an adult plant, the bush is made up of 10–15 strong, dense stems covered with rough foliage, and reaches a height of 150–170 cm. Large flowers are so numerous that the green of leaves and stems are not visible under the floral cover.
Petals of flowers, depending on the variety may be:
- pure white
- two-colored - lilac or pale blue with a white neck,
- blue - lilac.
The plant is winter hardy, unpretentious. For the harmonious development of the flower is quite sufficient soil of moderate fertility and watering in hot, dry weather. To improve the quality of the soil in the process of mulching under the bushes make compost or rotted manure. The plant suffers from close proximity of groundwater. Excess moisture is dangerous for the flower. Sunny spots and shaded areas of the garden are equally great for a bell. In the penumbra plant blooms longer.
The plant blooms continuously. If after the first wave of flowering the bell is cut off, the plant will form new flowers. Thus, flowering can be extended to mid-September.
The best known varieties are:
- Alba The variety has lush, pure white flowers with a pleasant unobtrusive aroma.
- Favorite. The plant has flowers with bright lilac petals.
- Loddon Anna. The petals of the flowers are pinkish-lavender, gathered in lush raceme-shaped inflorescences with a delicate aroma.
Planting and care
Landing. Place for planting perennial bell should be sunny or with light penumbra. The composition of the soil is not so important. The main condition is a drained soil and a sufficient level of friability. Drainage of the soil can be achieved by creating a sandy layer or a layer of fine gravel in the soil layer. Moisture stagnation and too dry soil are unacceptable. For plants, the water balance of the soil is a leading factor in healthy growth.
When planting should be avoided:
- sites where there is stagnation of water
- loamy or clayey soil.
With a close location of groundwater the problem can be solved by making a high flower garden and providing good drainage. Loamy or clayey soil enriched with peat, humus, turf is quite suitable for perennial.
Planting is carried out in spring or autumn. In the fall, planting is necessary so that the perennial plant rooted to frost.
Care. Basic care is carried out in the summer. Loosening, removing weeds, fertilizing - are essential elements of successful plant growth. Watering is carried out moderately, mostly in dry, hot weather. To prolong flowering wilted flowers and stems are removed. Part of the stems and flowers are left if they want to collect seeds.
Fertilizers are applied in spring, summer and autumn. Nitrogen-containing mineral supplements are recommended for intensive green growth in the spring. In the summer, it is preferable to use complex and phosphorus-containing fertilizers for garden plants. In the fall, potassium is added to increase the frost resistance of the bushes.
Breeding bells is possible:
Seed propagation. Seeds are considered mature when the seed pods turn brown. The boxes are dried, the seeds are poured through the open pores. Since perennial seeds are small, they are sometimes mixed with washed and steamed sand. Sowing can be carried out directly in the ground or grow seedlings. In the ground seeds are planted in October or May. Seedlings begin to grow in March.
Some varieties of the bell can not be grown from seed. These types include terry bells. Terry, as a hereditary trait, with this method of reproduction is not preserved.
Reproduction by cutting. Cuttings are obtained from chopped young stems. In April and May, when the last frosts pass, the cuttings are cut and planted three times in one hole. Within three weeks, the root system of the new plant is formed. When breeding by grafting, it is important to maintain high humidity during rooting. Therefore, the cuttings are covered with a film or a mist spray installation is used. When applying the film, it should be borne in mind that covering material should not lie on the plants. Propagation by cutting is effective for all types of bluebells.
Reproduction by dividing the bush. Bell dig up, pruned stems, leaving buds. The roots of the knife are divided into delenki. Delenki planted in the prepared hole so that the kidneys are above ground level. Propagation by dividing the bush fits most perennial varieties.
Pest and Bellflower Disease
Pests and diseases The bell is rarely affected if the rules for growing a plant are observed. Problems with viral or bacterial infection occur when growing bushes for many years in one place. For the prevention of such problems, the soil is treated with special solutions to destroy pathogenic microflora: fusarium, sclerotinia, botrytis. Processing should be carried out 2 times in the autumn and spring season.
High humidity provokes the appearance of a drooling pennitsa. The problem is solved after treating the plant with garlic infusion. Slugs can damage lower leaves. It is recommended to fight them by spraying the bushes with a solution of bitter pepper. And also the granules of superphosphate for a long time will drive the slugs away from the plant.
Bluebells are cute, elegant flowers, real garden decoration. Unpretentiousness in care, immunity to diseases in combination with a sophisticated appearance are the reasons for the continued popularity of the plant.
Campanula - (Latin Campánula) - a plant of the bellflower family. The name itself comes as a diminutive of the Italian campana - the bell.
It is given because of the characteristic shape, resembling an elongated bowl, really looking like a dome. This name was also fixed in Russia, as well as several “folk” ones: a bell, a blue-tie, a chabotka.
The habitat of the bellflower of many years in nature - meadows, steppes, forest edges, even rocky terrain. Basically, these are areas with a temperate climate: the whole of Eurasia, Russia, Ukraine, and even some territories of North America.
In total, scientists have about 400 species of this plant (according to data for 2016 - 440), in central Russia - only 15, and about 150 species throughout the country and including neighboring ones.
Bell refers to the perennial, rarely annual grasses, on the stem of the whole the next leaf plate. A halo of elongated shape, resembling a glass, color - from blue to lilac. There are also white and purple inflorescences.
Sometimes there is a single flower on the stem, but mainly inflorescences are panicles in the shape of a brush. Seeds ripen in flowers in a kind of box, with slits in the amount of from 4 to 6 pieces.
In some species, the bowl is tubular, with five petals pointed up, there are large bells. The leaves of some varieties are round at the base of the stem, and on the trunk they have lanceolate, pointed leaves.
The bells bloom usually begins in the first half of May and lasts until mid-July, from two weeks to one and a half months. Some varieties of active color occurs at the end of the summer and ends in September. There are varieties that delight multicolored "tassels" up to 90 days.
This plant is gaining popularity lately among gardeners who love wild flowers and the style of a flower bed under a meadow. Therefore, breeders remove even hybrids with terry inflorescences.
Classification and main types
All bells are divided into two basic categories based on the growth period.
Most of all those that bloom for many years are planted, much less than one-year-olds. Since all these plants can live in different places and, accordingly, the conditions for their care are different, there is another classification:
Even these flowers are divided into groups according to the height of the bushes:
- Miniature (stem length up to 10 - 20 cm).
- Medium (20-40).
- High (stem pulled up from 40 cm).
These classifications are based on habitats in the natural environment and on the external differences of bluebells. Consider the most common types and varieties of these beautiful delicate flowers.
They are comfortable more often in the southern regions, and grow much less often in the middle lane. These species are not as popular among gardeners as they are perennial, but there are very spectacular ones among them:
Flowering begins in June and lasts until September and can be white, pink, blue, blue. Sometimes the shape of the flower is terry, and the height of the variety is about 1 meter.
Description of the flower bells
Bells can be both perennial and annual or biennial. Leaves are alternate. Flowers have the form of bells and can be white or a variety of blue and purple hues. The flowers are collected in the racemose inflorescence or paniculate form. The height can be different, there are both stunted and high species.
Pre-seed preparation before sowing is not necessary. They can be planted immediately in open ground before winter or in spring. But in order for the bells to bloom before they need to be planted in the spring for seedlings. March is considered the best time for planting seeds for seedlings. As the soil for seedlings, you can use a ready-made substrate, designed specifically for flower seedlings. Before planting the soil must be watered abundantly. Seeds need not be deepened, they should be evenly distributed over the soil surface and slightly sprinkled. After planting the soil must be sprayed. This should be done carefully so as not to wash the seeds from the soil. Boxes with seeds need to cover with plastic wrap. The first shoots should appear in 2-3 weeks.
As soon as the first shoots appear, the film must be removed and the boxes placed in a bright place where direct sunlight does not fall. Watering should be regular. After each watering, you need to gently loosen the soil, so as not to damage the root system of the seedlings. After the seedlings have two true leaves, it is necessary to transplant it into separate pots.
Planting bells in open ground
If the spring is warm, then you can plant bells at the end of May. Но если весной возвращаются заморозки, то пересадку лучше перенести на начало июня. Место для посадки колокольчиков должно быть в светлой части сада без сквозняков. Что касается почвы, то лучше всего отдавать предпочтение нейтральной хорошо дренированной суглинистой почве.Before planting it is necessary to prepare the soil. Humus and sand should be added to heavy soil, and poor soil should be mixed with sod land and fertilizers. Peat and fresh manure cannot be used as a fertilizer, as this can lead to the development of various fungal diseases.
In order for the plant to have enough nutrients and moisture, it must be planted away from shrubs and trees. Low-growing types of bells should be planted at a distance of 15 cm, and high 40 cm from each other. After planting, it is necessary to thoroughly crush the soil and water it abundantly.
Caring for the bells in the garden
Bells are quite unpretentious plants and do not need any special and special care. Watering the bells is necessary on a regular basis, it is especially important to do it during a heat wave. After each watering should carefully but gently loosen the soil around the bushes. It is also necessary to carry out weeding suddenly the plants, so that the weeds do not interfere with the good growth and abundant flowering of the bluebells. High types of bells should be tied up if necessary.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
It is necessary to feed the plant 3 times per season. First, make fertilizer with a nitrogen content in the spring. Then, at the beginning of summer and during the formation of buds, feed the bells with a complex of balanced mineral fertilizers.
In order for flowering to last longer, it is imperative to remove dried flowers so that the plant does not waste its strength on them.
Preparing for the winter
Annual types of bells do not need special preparation for winter. But the perennial and biennial need to prepare for the winter period. In early October, should be carefully cut off at the root of all the stems of the bell. Then you need to cover them with dry foliage or spruce branches. High types of bell should be covered with a thick layer of humus or peat. Under such a shelter, the plants will winter well.
Diseases and pests
Bells are quite unpretentious in the care, but this is not the only plus of these plants. They are rarely attacked by insects and hit by various diseases. But as for perennial species, they can still get sick, as they grow in one place for several years. Bluebells can infect fusarium, botrytis and sclerotinia. In order for these diseases not to appear, it is necessary to thoroughly treat the bell bushes with the solution of “Fundazol” in autumn and spring.
If the summer is rainy, then due to the high humidity the plant can hit a slobbering pennitsa, you need to fight it with the help of garlic infusion. Low bell species can attack slugs. To get rid of these pests, it is necessary to decompose the granules of superphosphate under the plant and carefully spray it with a decoction of bitter pepper.
Bells annual - this species is short, its stems grow not more than 10 cm in length. The flowers have a bright blue color, and the rims have a tubular shape. Flowering begins in May and continues until autumn.
Bell dichotomous or forked - The plant can grow up to 20 cm in length. Leaves broadly ovate. The flowers have a light purple hue.
Kashmir bell - low-growing species, not growing more than 8 cm. The flowers are small and have a purple color. Flowering continues for a long time.
Long bell bell - A tall plant that can reach a height of more than half a meter. Flowering continues from May to July. The flowers are strong enough and have a purple color.
Bell Bell of Venus - can grow up to 30 cm in height. The flowers are blue or lilac with a white middle. Flowering begins in the summer and continues until early September.
Bearded bell - can grow up to 30 cm. The flowers are of bell-shaped bell-shaped and pale blue color. Flowering does not last long, from June to July.
Hoffman's bell - The plant is very branched and can grow up to 50 cm in height. The flowers are quite large and have a cream or white shade.
Large bellflower - quite high plant (up to 120 cm). Flowers of a pale violet shade are gathered into corollas of a tubular form.
The bell is average - Flowers of goblet-bell-shaped form and white, blue or pink shade. Can be both simple and terry.
Bell Carpathian - A plant with egg-shaped leaves. The flowers are large and solitary, can be white, purple or blue. Flowering begins in June and lasts at least two months.
Bell Takeshima - stalks creeping or creeping. Flowers can be simple and terry, blue, white or pink. Flowering begins in early summer.
Broadlea bell - The plant can grow up to 1 m in length. The leaves are long and have a serrate form. Funnel-shaped flowers can be blue, white or blue. Flowering begins in late July - early August.
There are many more different types of bells, but they are less popular.
This species is most common in the gardens because of the beauty, long flowering throughout the summer and unpretentiousness. Carpathian bell - a mountain plant, and in nature it can be seen on the mountain slopes. In artificial conditions, it is planted on alpine slides and rockeries.
From small seedlings quickly grows into a large bush perennial bell. Varieties of Carpathian are undersized. Heart-shaped leaves form a spherical shrub in diameter up to 30 cm. Flowering lasts up to 70 days and can be extended with a regular cliff of dried inflorescences.
Flowers grow well among the stones that create drainage and protect the soil from drying out. Excess fertilizer is not required, and the soil should not be acidic. To do this, add lime or wood ash.
During reproduction by cuttings in spring and summer, the young shoots cut off the base and the upper part with buds. Cuttings are germinated in a mixture of earth, humus and sand. Flowers unpretentious and require watering only in arid time.
After 5 years, perennial bells should be transplanted to other places. Planting and seed breeding are less frequent, as seedlings develop unevenly and slowly. Flowering in young plants begins only after 2-3 years. Sowing is done in the fall, and shoots appear in the spring. For early flowering shrubs planted division.
Flowers Carpathian bell resemble elegant porcelain light lilac or white. They are long in the water, if you split the ends of the stems and remove the lower leaves.
Hand bell peach
The bell will grow on sandy or cultivated clay or loamy soil. It is desirable that there is drainage and more humus. Plants are not afraid of shading and prefer a soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. A lot of fertilizer should not be added, as this will adversely affect the resistance of plants in winter and will lead to their rapid aging.
The reproduction of the peach bell is made by seeds. They are sown in greenhouses, starting in mid-spring. Seed bells do not inherit parental signs.
In July, seedlings dive, and in August, planted in a permanent place. In winter, the plant is covered with peat or a layer of dry leaves of 15-20 cm. With appropriate care, the bell may bloom next year. If you linger on landing or picking, the buds will appear only in the third year.
Peach species are not long-lived plants, although they are perennial bells. Planting and care during reproduction by division make it possible to inherit the parental signs. Transplantation is done at the beginning or at the end of the summer, and the roots should be covered with clods. Cutting is also often used, and it is produced in sand.
For effective flowering need to periodically feed the bell. Cultivation will be effective if fertilized correctly. Nitrogen is used in the spring, and various complex mineral fertilizers are used before flowering. In addition, the flowering shoots pruned off, so that the blooming bells are more pleasing to the eye. The photo shows how they can be with proper care.
The bell got its name from the presence of specks inside the petal. The plant is common in temperate regions and blooms until autumn. It differs hanging down heads, collected in inflorescences.
In a large range of colors you can find a bell white, blue, pink, dark red, blue.
Many varieties are characterized by capriciousness. In different habitat conditions, the same type of flower may be terry or common. Among them are many unpretentious plants that adorn the garden.
Growing a bell is not so easy. Its seeds are extremely small. In order for them to grow, good illumination is required. The soil must be taken light, it poured sand, and on top - the seeds. They are sprayed with water and covered from above with a gap. At emergence of shoots the film in the afternoon for a while is removed from a box. Watering is done very carefully so that the seedlings are not washed away with water. The soil should not dry up, otherwise it will lead to the death of seedlings. After the appearance of 3 true sheets of seedlings dive. Growth is uneven, and some of the remaining plants are buried in the ground and grow to transplant.
In June, the seedlings are planted in open ground, and at the end of the summer, the bells begin to bloom. Photos reflecting all the beauty of this species can be seen in our article. It is difficult to grow bells with seeds, but rare varieties are obtained. By division, they are preserved and propagated.
Under the ground, the root system of the pinch is growing rapidly. In order for the shoots to not spread further, apply tapes of plastic or metal, buried in the ground.
For growing bells use places with good lighting. Watering with active growth is limited, otherwise the plant may stretch and break under its own weight. After flowering, the bell drops foliage. It gets on well with other colors, so it is advisable to add thickeners to it, which bloom earlier and later.
The perennial plant has a strong rhizome, it is unpretentious. Brushes blue, purple or white bloom in early summer. The lower leaves are wide and thick, and the small upper ones beautifully shade large flowers.
Seeds broadleaf handbell are planted in late March. To improve the germination of the soil cover the top with a film and keep it moist. A dive is made when two true leaves appear. Seedlings planted in the ground at the onset of constant heat. Flowering begins next year.
Seeds can be planted directly into the ground in late May or early June. Do not sprinkle them. The soil is kept moist and covered. Every day the seeds are aired, and after germination the shelter is removed.
Rhizomes are divided right in the ground and then seated. Add humus to the well and water well. Grafting is not always successful, so this method is rarely used. For better growth of the root system, special preparations are used, for example, Kornevin.
Plants are unpretentious, but they lose decorativeness when there is not enough moisture. Excess watering is also not needed. During growth, complex fertilizers are applied. Bells for the winter cover sawdust or spruce.
Perennial is winter hardy. It grows up to 1.7 m in height and up to 0.5 m wide. Flowering is luxuriant, and the inflorescences completely cover the leaves and stems. In the gardens you can find a bell white, blue-lilac, bluish, as well as with different shades. Flowering lasts no more than a month. After pruning of faded stems at the end of August, it repeats, but not so magnificently.
Because of the deep roots of the plant to transplant undesirable, it is better to do it while it is young. The root neck is very vulnerable. With the alternation of thaws and frosts, renewal buds may die.
Bluebell in gardens is rarely used because of its large size. Some plants require support. They are grown in soil with medium fertility. Excess moisture is not needed, and in drought is required to water the bell for many years. Varieties can differ and compact size of plants, for example, Favorite, Pouffe, White Pouffe.
Perennial plant with proper care blooms and persists for many years. In nature, a bellflower is found in the Italian Alps. Flowers support fragile stems 30 cm high.
Only a uniform bell of all species is grown in pots. However, it can grow on alpine slides and flower beds. Room bell looks beautiful in hanging pots with soft grassy downwards hanging down.
Perennial belongs to the European-West Asian species. It is also called the steppe bell. In our country it grows in the European part of Russia and in the Caucasus. The plant is found on meadows, along rivers, on forest edges.
The bellflower multiplies mainly by seeds. Refers to a vulnerable species. It replaces the development of the territory and grazing. In many regions, it is listed in the Red Book.
The plants are tall and bloom for about 3 weeks. Lavender bluish flowers are small and do not grow too densely. The plant survives everywhere, but with poor care, flowering is very modest and short.
The bell loses its decorative effect quickly, so it is desirable to supplement it with other perennials.
This plant belongs to the varieties that creep and endowed with a large number of shoots. Flowers in circumference up to 4 cm, fairly large, purple hue. If you prune in time, the shrub may bloom a second time.
The dichotomous (forked) bell that grows only up to 20 cm also belongs to annual plants. Flowering is very abundant, pinkish-lilac shade.
Caring for annuals is the same as for perennial flowers. It is desirable to add sand and peat to the soil, as the bell does not like heavy composition. Also do not like too wet and damp soil. Propagated by seed method. Nitrogen fertilizers are recommended as top dressing.
This plant belongs to the high - the length of the stem is about one meter. In the care is not whimsical, perfectly tolerates frosts. The root system has a branching structure, and the trunk is ribbed in structure, has small fibers, rigid in structure.
The scapes are short, the leaf plates are triangular, oval in shape. Flowers are located in the number of several pieces in the axils of the leaf plates in the upper part of the stem. The structure of the inflorescence is not dense, length - 40 - 50 cm. The flowers are fluffy, often purple, sometimes white.
The name of this perennial plant is given because of the rounded shape of the basal leaves collected in the outlet. This variety is not high - from 40 to 60 cm. It is distributed in central Russia, in Siberia and in the Caucasus.
The bell has one or more shoots. Root creeping and branched. The leaves near the root dry out early and fall away, while those on the stem remain saturated green for a long time.
Inflorescences - panicles have many small blue flowers, located in the upper part of the shoots. The most popular varieties: arctic, garden, velvety.
It has a small height - only up to 25 cm. Interesting elongated shape of the petals, inflorescence in the form of a glass with burgundy specks on a white with a pink background. Pedicels elongated, large, pubescent, inflorescences down.
Thanks to the noble color and elongated form, they are very fond of florist. Originally look at the background of other garden and ornamental plants.
Spiral (False leaf)
Refers to undersized species. Homeland - the Alps and the Carpathians. The inflorescences consist of small, 1 cm in diameter, flowers of blue, blue or white flowers, drooping form. Creeping shoots, sprawling bush. The main varieties: Loder, Alba, Miss Wilmott.
Refers to the highest species of bell. Stem over 100 cm, straight and strong. The leaves have pointed tips with a length of 12 cm and a width of 6 cm. The inflorescences are large, axillary, the brush is narrow, resembles a spikelet.
Flowers are medium in size - up to 6 cm. Funnel-shaped, blooms from June to August. Famous varieties: Alba, Brantwood, Maranta.
The bell is completely capricious, but there are still a number of rules that must be followed during landing. Then this plant will delight the whole season with delicate buds.
- Landing should be spacious and sunny. The plant does not like excess moisture and closely located groundwater. To prevent the root system from freezing, there should be no stagnant moisture near it.
- The soil for planting should be light, loamy allowed. It can be diluted with humus, sand, if the heavy, poor soil is fed with sod land.
- Before planting it is recommended to dig up the soil well, it is advisable to add superphosphate and manure that has burnt. Торф примешивать к грунту не нужно, чтобы не было грибковых болезней. Навоз свежий также не вносится. Для колокольчиков это довольно агрессивная подкормка.
- Грунт по составу рекомендован для посадки нейтральный или слабощелочной, если есть кислотность, то необходимо внести немного древесной золы.
- На открытом месте, под палящими лучами солнца, без хотя бы краткой полутени, колокольчики быстро отцветают.
So, it’s easy to choose a landing site, just follow some simple rules. The main thing is not to be selected for planting swampy and damp site.
Description of perennial bells
In the people a bell is also called chebotkom, bell or chenille. Bells flowers belong to perennials, but there are annual plants.
What a bell looks like:
- The leaves of the flower are arranged alternately. Flower in the form of a bell. Depending on the variety, the shade of the inflorescences can be both white and purple.
- Usually the flowers are gathered in tassels, but there are varieties with single large flowers.
- Seeds of perennials can be of different sizes. For planting it is necessary to select only the largest seeds without any stains or traces of rot.
- The height of the flower, depending on the variety, may be different. There are short, medium tall and tall flowers.
Varieties of garden flowers
In nature there is a large number of species of bells, each of which has a decorative value for flower growers. All varieties can be divided into several classes. Most often they are divided by growth time into:
Perennials are the most numerous in the number of species. They are divided by the height of the plant into short, medium tall and tall.
- The bell is short. It is perfect for decorating borders or alpine slides. Height is usually no more than 10 centimeters. Inflorescences have a pale blue hue.
- Long taper. The highest of annuals, its height can reach 0.5 m. The inflorescences are large, on one stem can be up to 50 flowers of turquoise color, with a diameter of up to 4 centimeters.
- The mirror of Venus. A very common type of bells. Plant height - no more than 30 centimeters. The flowers are saucer-shaped blue or lilac. On one broom there are many colors with a diameter of up to two centimeters. Flowering period - from June to September.
Varieties of two year old varieties:
- Hoffman's bell. The height of a flower can be half a meter, flowers of a drooping type of white or cream color.
- Large bell. The height of the plant can be more than a meter, the flowers are gathered in panicles of several pieces on one inflorescence, most often they have a light purple hue. The flowering period occurs in June and July.
- The average bell. Usually this species of flower is grown as an annual. Its stem is straight. Flowers are collected in the form of pyramid inflorescences. The shade of the inflorescences is most often white, blue or pink.
The tall varieties of bluebells include flowers that form bushes with a height of more than 40 centimeters.
By tall varieties include bell peach. He received the name because of the shape of the leaves, which are very similar to peach.
The diameter of flowers can reach five centimeters, they are collected in panicles. Plant height reaches meter. The bell blooms all summer.
The most common varieties:
- The bell. Its height is from 40 to 80 centimeters, flowers are collected in tassels of white or purple hue.
- Bluebell flower. Height about one meter. Flowers are collected in the form of a pyramid, in one inflorescence there can be up to 100 flowers of lilac, lilac or white.
- Bored It can be both short and tall. Flowers are collected in multi-level inflorescences of white, blue or purple hue.
Varieties of short perennials:
- Carpathian. The most popular perennial variety. The height is not more than 30 centimeters. Flowers single funnel-bell-shaped form of white, blue or purple hue.
- Gargansky. Low perennial flower with blue flowers in the shape of an asterisk.
- Major Perennial plant with blue flowers.
- Shamyso A small variety of bells, height - about 10 centimeters. Flowers are most often purple, blue, white.
- Cocktail It grows to a height of no more than 12 centimeters, flowers are small, drooping, white, purple or blue hue.
- Bell Pozharsky. Forms cushion bushes with a height of no more than 20 centimeters. Flowers are star-shaped, wide open. Most often inflorescences have a blue, lilac shade.
- Porthenshlag. Low-growing plant no more than 10 centimeters in height with blue or lilac flowers.
- Spot. The height of the flower is not more than 25 cm, a plant with rare tassels of flowers of pink color with black dots inside.
Medium varieties of bells include:
- Takeshima. The height of the stems of the plant is 60 cm. It blooms in June. The flowers are simple, terry blue, pink or white.
- Spot. It has a thin fiber stem with a height of not more than half a meter. The flowers in the shape of a glass have a cream shade with purple dots.
- Sarasto. Externally similar to the point. Plant height reaches 60 centimeters, flowers of bright purple hue with a diameter of 7 centimeters.
How to plant perennials
Not many gardeners know how plant flowers correctly. There are some simple rules for planting this crop.
Landing rules for perennial bells:
- It is necessary to prepare the soil for planting. The container for planting is filled with nutritious soil, which should include manure and turf soil, and plant seeds in it. Before planting, the soil must be plowed and watered. Seeds are planted to a depth of no more than 2 centimeters and sprinkled with earth. It is necessary to cook the seeds at the beginning of spring.
- The container with the seeds is placed in a bright place where the air temperature is at least 18 degrees plus. As soon as the seedlings appear, you need to loosen the seedlings, water and clean the diseased leaves. In the planting capacity to grow flowers should not exceed 3 weeks.
- Plants are transplanted in open ground in May or June. It is necessary to determine the area where there is enough sunlight. This place must be protected from the wind. The soil should be drained and slightly alkaline.
- Before planting seedlings, soil is dug to a depth of at least 20 centimeters.
- Then fertilizer is applied, it is better if it is manure.
- Make small pits and planted plants in them. The distance between the holes must be at least 15 cm.
Caring for plants does not require much effort and does not differ from the care of other flowers. The simplicity of the bells to the ground, watering and fertilizing will allow you to get an excellent result with a small expenditure:
- Plants do not need to be watered regularly. Watering is carried out only in hot weather.
- Water the flowers at the root, while preventing water from entering the foliage and inflorescence. After watering the land need to plow and remove weeds.
- Feeding is carried out twice a season. First nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the spring, as soon as the snow melted. Then apply complex fertilizers as top dressing. They are made in the period of picking up a plant of color.
- To bloom for a long time, you need to remove dried inflorescences.
The most common are perennial bells, but there are also one- and two-year-olds. On the stems are alternately leaflets. The flowers have a bell-shaped form and are painted in white, bluish color, as well as in a variety of shades of purple. They are part of the inflorescence racemose or paniculate form. There are also single flowers. The fruit has a head start of a box on which 4–6 pieces of slit-shaped holes are located. Bush can be low-, medium and tall.
How to sow correctly
Such seeds before planting, do not need to pre-prepare. They are sown in open soil in the month of May, and can also be sown in October before winter. If you have a desire to admire the blooming bells in a given year, then they should be sown on seedlings in March. It should be noted that the seeds are very small, so they are only scattered on the surface of the prepared soil, which should be loose, light and well water flowing. Before sowing, it is necessary to moisten it beforehand. The earth mixture should consist of 6 parts of sod land, 3 parts of humus soil and 1 part of coarse sand. Fertilize the soil should not be. After sowing, the seeds need only be slightly pressed into the substrate and slightly moistened from the sprayer. The container should be covered over with a transparent film. Such crops should be put in a warm (from 18 to 20 degrees) place. The emergence of seedlings usually occurs after 14–20 days.
After the first seedlings appear, the shelter will need to be removed. Move the container to a well-lit place, but the plants should be protected from the direct rays of the sun. It is necessary to care for these plants, as well as for any other seedlings of flowers. They need to ensure timely watering after the top layer of the substrate dries out, and also it needs to be loosened regularly. After 20 days after the seedlings ascend, they should grow real leaves, then they should dive into a larger container, keeping a distance of 10 centimeters between the plants. After half a month after you transplant the bells, fertilizer will have to be applied to the soil. Excellent for this purpose is suitable liquid complex fertilizer in low concentration.
At what time the seedlings are planted in the ground
As a rule, grown bells can be planted in the open soil either in the last days of May or in the first June. Most of these types of flowers belong to the light-loving plants. There are also shade-loving species, but extremely rarely, they are distinguished by their foliage of dark green color. Such a plant does not tolerate drafts.
It is necessary to choose the soil depending on the type. So, some grow well on calcareous soil, and others on stony. But most species grow best on neutral or weakly alkaline loamy soil, which is well drained. Before you embark, the soil must be prepared. In heavy soil with deep digging it is necessary to make humus or sand. If the soil is poor, then it is necessary to make it soddy soil, as well as fertilizer. However, the use of peat and fresh manure is not recommended, as this may cause the development of a fungal disease.
Rules for planting seedlings in the ground
For planting should choose an open place next to it should not grow shrubs or trees. In this case, the root system will get enough nutrients as well as water. The distance between the bushes depends on the type of bells. So, between tall species should be left at 40-50 centimeters, between sredneroslymi - 20-30 centimeters, between short-growing - from 10 to 15 centimeters. When the seedlings are planted, the soil around them should be properly rammed, and then irrigated.
They must be grown in the same way as other flowers in the garden. Bells are distinguished by their unpretentiousness. Watering is carried out only in the case of a long dry and hot period. Loosen the soil surface and remove weeds, it is recommended after irrigation. If necessary, tall varieties can be tied to a support. The first dressing is carried out in the springtime through the thawed snow and nitrogen fertilizer is used for this. The second time is fed in the first half of the summer period, when the buds will start to form and for this purpose they use complex fertilizer. Regular removal of fading flowers will make the flowering period longer.
Pests and diseases
Bells have a very beautiful appearance, and they are distinguished by their unpretentiousness. These diseases are highly resistant to diseases and pests and get sick in very rare cases. But if perennials are grown for a long time without transplantation, then in the soil there can be an accumulation of pathogens (sclerotinia, fusarium or botrytis), which can completely destroy the bells. In order to avoid this, it is necessary to carry out one treatment of plants with a Fundazol solution (0.2%) in spring and autumn.
Slobbering pennitsa may appear on the bushes in wet weather. Infected plants are treated with garlic infusion. Stunted species may suffer from slugs. In this case, processing is done with a decoction of bitter pepper, and granulated superphosphate should be scattered over the surface of the soil.
Preparing for the winter
Perennials as opposed to one-year-olds and two-year-olds should be prepared for wintering. In the last September or the first days of October, it will be necessary to cut all the shoots at the root. After the annuals after this care no longer necessary. Perennials and biennials, as a rule, can survive the winter without shelter, but the southern species must be sprinkled with spruce leaves or dried leaves. Tall species should be sprinkled with dry peat or humus, and the layer should be 15 to 20 centimeters thick.
This plant is short and its bush does not exceed 10 centimeters. Its birthplace is the Balkans, Asia Minor, the Caucasus and the Mediterranean. The tubular corolla is painted in a rich blue color. Flowering begins in May and ends at the beginning of the autumn period. They are decorated with rock gardens and borders.
Long bell bell
It is endemic to the Caucasus. It prefers to grow in rocky cracks and on gravelly soil. The height of the bush is 50 centimeters. Flowering is observed from May to July. Panicles in the form of panicles consist of 50–60 flowers with a pot-bell-shaped form and a purple color. Their diameter is 4 centimeters, the base is swollen, and the calyx has pointed deviated teeth.
Bell Bell of Venus
The homeland is the Mediterranean mountains, from Holland and Great Britain. He began to cultivate from the late 16th century. Bush height varies from 15 to 30 centimeters. Inflorescences in the form of panicles consist of saucer-shaped flowers with a diameter of two centimeters. They are painted blue with a purple tint and have a whitish middle. Flowering occurs from early May to September. There are varieties with white flowers.
Originally from the subalpine belt of the Mediterranean. Bush height varies from 4 to 30 centimeters. Drooping light blue flowers have a bell-shaped glass and a three-centimeter length. Flowering occurs from June to July. Grown since 1752
Originally from Europe, the Balkans and Asia Minor. Bush height varies from 70 to 120 centimeters. Light purple tubular corollas are part of whorls (6 or 7 flowers each). Flowering begins in June or July.
The bell is average
Homeland Asia and Southwest Europe. Such a biennial plant is grown in some cases as an annual. The height of his upright shoots 50-100 centimeters. Pyramid-shaped inflorescences consist of double or simple florets of bell-shaped glass, having seven centimeter length and blue, white or light pink color. Grown since 1578
His birthplace is Siberia and Europe. This bush has a dense pubescence, and its height varies from 70 to 100 centimeters. Sessile little flowers painted blue. They are part of the inflorescence, which has a practically capitate upper part and a whorled one - the lower part.
You can also meet such biennials as: Siberian, sprawling, laurel, spatula, orphanid, mezian, divergent, pyramidal, Formaneka and Sartori.
All remaining species are perennial and they are divided into high, medium and low-growing.
The most popular among gardeners and its homeland are the mountains of Central Europe and the Carpathians. Bush with leafy shoots in height reaches 30 centimeters. The rosette consists of long-leaf ovoid leaves. Stem ovoid leaves with short petioles are also present. Single bell-funnel-shaped flowers have a diameter of five centimeters, and they are painted in purple, blue or white. Flowering begins in June and lasts more than 8 weeks. Grown since 1770
- White Star and Alba - white flowers,
- Isabelle and Celestina - flowers of sky-blue color,
- Riversley, Centon Joy, Blaumeise - blue flowers,
- Carpatencrone - purple flowers,
- Clip - the height of the bush does not exceed 20 centimeters, and the flowers have a five-centimeter diameter. You can grow in the garden and at home.
In height the bush reaches only 15 centimeters. It has creeping ascending shoots that are quite fragile. Three-toothed leaves have a rounded shape. Star shaped flowers with 4 cm in diameter are colored blue. Grown since 1832
Most popular varieties:
- Major - light blue flowers,
- H. Paine - pale lavender flowers have a whitish eye.
Originally from the Alps and the Carpathians, the height of the bush does not exceed 15 centimeters. Creeping shoots. Small inflorescences consist of small (1 cm diameter) drooping flowers, painted in blue, blue or white. Grown since 1783
Most popular varieties:
- Alba - white flowers,
- Loder - double blue flowers,
- Miss Wilmot - blue flowers.
Родина такого миниатюрного колокольчика Дальний Восток. Одиночные цветочки с трехсантиметровым диаметром в длину достигают 4 сантиметров и имеют голубовато-фиолетовый окрас. Венчик выделяется мохнатой кромкой. Имеется сорт с белым цветками.
And there are also such stunted perennials, such as: fibrous, saxifrage, margarite, Osh, warrior, Radde, ciliated, dusky, Uemura, birch-leaved, turfy, Kemularia, one-flowered, Ortan, border, Rainer, dark and three-toothed.
Homeland Iranian Highlands and Korea, the bush does not exceed 60 centimeters in height and it has a group of basal rosettes. This species has many shoots that can be creeping, lifting and creeping. The beginning of flowering in June. There are terry or simple flowers, painted in white, blue or pink.
- Beautiful Trust - large arachnid flowers painted white,
- Wedding Belz - bell-shaped double flowers have a whitish color.
It is an endemic of the Caucasus, very spectacular branching shoots are no more than 45 centimeters high. There are many large flowers of a rich pale purple hue. They have a three-centimeter length and pointed pointed lobes.
This is a hybrid of a bell dot, seven centimeter long flowers have a rich purple color. The bush has a height of up to 60 centimeters, and its diameter is up to 45 centimeters.
There is also a bell srednerosloe perennials include polymorphic, Moravian, Spanish, Karnik, rotundifolia, collina, Sarmatian, Grosseka, Tatra, diamond-shaped, lnolistny, wonderful, Marhesetti, wort, chesnochnitselistny, pale ocher, as well as hybrids Pink Oktupus and Kent Belle.
Sowing in the ground
- Sowing in open ground can be in April-May, but for two months before that you will need cold stratification - content in the refrigerator. The seeds are mixed with wet sand and placed in a plastic bag in the section for vegetables.
- In addition, at the end of October, the bell can be sown before winter - the seeds will undergo a natural stratification in the soil and will spring together in the spring.
How to sow a garden bell in the ground
The seeding depth should not exceed 2 cm, since the seeds are small and it will be difficult for them to break through to the surface. It is necessary to sow less often, so that the seedlings do not overwhelm each other, it’s good if there is a 2-3 cm gap between the seeds. After sprouts appear, they are necessarily thinned, leaving 4-5 cm distance. When the plants grow, they are seated at a distance of 20-30 cm, depending on the variety.
How to grow a bell from seed photo shoots
To get flowering in the first year of life, it is better to grow seedlings. The seeds are very small, they need to be laid out on the surface of a light, loose, permeable soil. Before sowing the soil should be moistened. You can use the following mix: humus, sod land, and coarse sand at a ratio of 3: 6: 1. Crops should be covered with foil and maintained at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. Shoots appear in a couple of weeks.
After seed germination, the container should be transferred to a bright place, but protected from direct sunlight. The film is removed and maintained in such a way: they water it when the top layer of the earth dries up, and loosen the soil around the seedlings. After a month and with the advent of these 2-4 leaves, dive the seedlings into a large container, keeping a distance of 10 cm between the plants, or in separate cups.
Bluebell seedling photo
A couple of weeks after the dive, apply a low-concentration liquid fertilizer complex.
Planting bells in the ground
In late May-early July, seedlings of bluebells can be planted in open ground. Most of the farmed species are light-requiring, single shadow lovers can be recognized by the dark green color of the leaves. The bell does not like drafts. Choose a place away from trees and bushes, so that there is no lack of moisture and nutrients.
Plant stunted species at a distance of 10-15 cm between plants, average height - 20-30 cm, tall - 40-50 cm. After planting, the soil around the flower must be stamped and watered well.
Campanula annual Campanula erinus
Campanula annual Campanula erinus photo
Low-growing plant (up to 10 cm in height) with bright blue flowers. Motherland - the Caucasus, the Balkans, the Mediterranean, Asia Minor. Looks good in curbs, rock gardens.
Campanula cashmeriana hand bell of Kashmir
Campanula cashmeriana bell Campanula cashmeriana photo
Occurs in the Pamirs, in the Himalayas. Short - only up to 8 cm in height. The flowers are small - up to 1.5 cm in length, purple in color, but their variety and bloom are long.
Hoffman’s Campanula hofmannii
Campanula hofmannii bell Hoffman photo
The homeland is the Balkans and the Adriatic. Bell strongly branched, reaches a height of 30 cm to half a meter. There are many flowers, they are large, drooping, painted white or cream-colored, they open in June-July.
Campanula cochleariifolia campanula
Campanula cochleariifolia bell-leaf or spoon-leaved cultivation and care
Distributed in the Alps and the Carpathians. Grows up to 15 cm in height, the stems creep. Flowers drooping, up to 1 cm in diameter, blue, blue or white color, going to small inflorescences.
- Alba - white bells,
- Lauder - flowers terry blue color,
- Miss Wilmott - has blue flowers,
Campanula chamissonis bell
Campanula chamissonis Campanula Chamisso photo
Homeland is the Far East. Flowers solitary, with a diameter of about 3 cm, color violet-blue, found white, halo hairy on the edge.
There are many other undersized species: turfy, margaritolisty, hairy, single-flowered, borderline, warrior, ciliated, dusky, dark, tridental, Ortan, Osh, Rainer, Radde, Uemura.